Sound Technology, the Music Industry, and Cultural Histories of Music

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Sound Recording Technology

Blake, Art M. “Audible Citizenship and Audiomobility: Race, Technology, and CB Radio.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 531–553.

Borgerson, Janet, and Jonathan Schroeder.  Designed for Hi-Fi Living: The Vinyl LP in Midcentury America.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 2017.

Clark, Mark H.  “The Magnetic Recording Industry, 1878-1960.”  PhD dissertation, University of Delaware, 1992.

Gelatt, Ronald.  The Fabulous Phonograph, 1877-1977.  2nd ed.  New York: Macmillan, 1977.

Horning, Susan Schmidt.  “Engineering the Performance: Recording Engineers, Tacit Knowledge, and the Art of Controlling Sound.”  Social Studies of Science 34:5 (October 2004): 703-731.

Horning, Susan Schmidt.  Chasing Sound: Technology, Culture, and the Art of Studio Recording from Edison to the LP.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Katz, Mark.  Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Kenny, William H.  Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Kraft, James P.  Stage to Studio: Musicians and the Sound Revolution, 1890-1950.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Krishef, Robert K.  Playback: The Story of Recording Devices.  Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing, 1962.

Lastra, James.  Sound Technology and the American Cinema: Perception, Reception, and Modernity.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Lydon, Michael, and Ellen Mandel.  Boogie Lightning: How Music Became Electric.  New York: Dial, 1974.

Magoun, Alexander Boyden.  “Shaping the Sound of Music: The Evolution of the Phonograph Record, 1877-1950.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, 2000.

Martin, Lerone A. Preaching on Wax: The Phonograph and the Shaping of Modern African American Religion.  New York: New York University Press, 2015.

Masters, Marc.  High Bias: The Distorted History of the Cassette Tape.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2023.

Morton, David.  Off the Record: The Technology and Culture of Sound Recording in America.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2000.

Morton, David.  Sound Recording: The Life Story of a Technology.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Read, Oliver, and Walter L. Welch.  From Tin Foil to Stereo: The Evolution of the Phonograph.  Indianapolis: H.W. Swan, 1976.

Schmidt, Susan Horning.  Chasing Sound: Technology, Culture, and the Art of Studio Recording from Edison to the LP.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Sewald, Ronda L.  “Forced Listening: The Contested Use of Loudspeakers for Commercial and Political Messages in the Public Soundscape.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 761–780.

Steffen, David J.  From Edison to Marconi: The First Thirty Years of Recorded Music.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2005.

Tang, Jeffrey Donald.  “Sound Decisions: Systems, Standards, and Consumers in American Audio Technology, 1945–1975.”  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2004.  

Taylor, Timothy D., Mark Katz, and Tony Grajeda, eds.  Music, Sound, and Technology in America: A Documentary History of Early Phonograph, Cinema, and Radio.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.

Wurtzler, Steve J.  Electric Sounds: Technological Change and the Rise of Corporate Mass Media.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.  

The Music Industry and Cultural Histories of Music

Abbott, Lynn, and Doug Seroff.  Ragged but Right: Black Travelling Shows, “Coon Songs,” and the Dark Pathway to Blues and Jazz.  Oxford: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.

Abbott, Lynn, and Doug Seroff.  Out of Sight: The Rise of African-American Popular Music, 1888-1895.  Oxford: University Press of Mississippi, 2009.

Allen, Ray.  “In Pursuit of Authenticity: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Postwar Folk Music Revival.”  Journal of the Society for American Music 4:3 (2010): 277-305.

Allen, Ray.  Gone to the Country: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Folk Music Revival.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Anderson, Tim.  Making Easy Listening: Material Culture and Postwar American Recording.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.

Barnett, Kyle.  Record Cultures: The Transformation of the U.S. Recording Industry.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2020.

Beebe, Roger, and Jason Middleton, eds.  Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cell Phones.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Berry, Chad, ed.  The Hayloft Gang: The Story of the National Barn Dance.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Bertrand, Michael T.  Race, Rock, and Elvis.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Bradley, Doug, and Craig Werner.  We Gotta Get Out of This Place: The Soundtrack of the Vietnam War.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2015.

Brooks, Jeneve R.  “The Silent Soundtrack: Anti-War Music from Vietnam to Iraq.”  PhD dissertation, Fordham University, 2009.

Brooks, Tim.  Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890-1919.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed.  Beyond Blackface: African Americans and the Creation of American Popular Culture, 1890-1930.   Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Burke, Patrick. “Tear Down the Walls: Jefferson Airplane, Race, and Revolutionary Rhetoric in 1960s Rock.” Popular Music (Cambridge) 29 (January 2010): 61–79.

Campbell, Gavin James.  Music and the Making of the New South.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Carlin, Richard, and Kinshasha Holman Conwill, eds.  Ain’t Nothing Like the Real Thing: How the Apollo Theater Shaped American Entertainment.  Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 2010.

Chapple, Steve, and Reebee Garofalo.  Rock and Roll is Here to Pay: the History and Politics of the Music Industry.  Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1977.

Chevigny, Paul.  Gigs: Jazz and the Cabaret Laws in New York City.  2 ed.  New York: Routlege, 2004.

Clarke, Donald.  The Rise and Fall of Popular Music.  New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.

Clegg, Mindy L. “When Jazz Was King: Selling Records With the Cold War.” Journal of American Culture 38:3 (2015): 243-254.

Cohen, Harvey G.  “The Marketing of Duke Ellington: Setting the Strategy for an African American Maestro.”  Journal of African American History 89:4 (Autumn 2004): 291-315.

Crawford, Richard. America’s Musical Life: A History.  New York: Norton, 2005.

Cummings, Alex S.  “From Monopoly to Intellectual Property: Music Piracy and the Remaking of American Copyright, 1909—1971.”  Journal of American History 97:3 (December 2010): 659-681.

Cummings, Alex Sayf. “The Bootleg South: The Geography of Music Piracy in the 1970s.” Southern Cultures 19 (Spring 2013): 82–97.

Cummings, Alex S.  Democracy of Sound: Music Piracy and the Remaking of American Copyright in the Twentieth Century.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Davis, Joshua Clark.  “For the Record.”  Southern Cultures 17:4 (Winter 2011): 71-90.  Black-owned record stores

Delmont, Matthew F.  The Nicest Kids in Town: American Bandstand, Rock ‘n’ Roll, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in 1950s Philadelphia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.

Donaldson, Rachel Clare.  “I Hear America Singing”: Folk Music and National Identity.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2014.

Doran, Emma.  “Configuring the Dance Review in the North-American Daily, 1890-1920.”  Media History 24: 3/4 (August/November 2018): 493-513.

Dormon, James H.  “Shaping the Popular Image of Post-Reconstruction American Blacks: The ‘Coon Song’ Phenomenon of the Gilded Age.”  American Quarterly 40:4 (December 1988): 450-471.

Foreman, Murray.  One Night on TV is Worth Weeks at the Paramount: Popular Music on Early Television.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.

Fox, John Hartley.  King of the Queen City: The Story of King Records.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Frith, Simon, and Andrew Goodwin, eds.  On Record: Rock, Pop, and the Written Word.  New York: Pantheon Books, 1990.

Frontani, Michael R. “Beatlepeople: Gramsci, the Beatles, and Rolling Stone.” American Journalism19:3 (2002): 39-61.

Frontani, Michael.  The Beatles: Image and the Media.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.

Gebhardt, Nicholas.  Vaudeville Melodies: Popular Musicians and Mass Entertainment in American Culture, 1870-1920.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Gennari, John.  Blowin’ Hot and Cold: Jazz and Its Critics.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

George, Nelson.  The Death of Rhythm and Blues.  New York: Pantheon, 1988.

George, Nelson.  The Hippest Trip in America: Soul Train and the Evolution of Culture and Style. New York: Morrow, 2014.

Gilbert, David W.  The Product of Our Souls: Ragtime, Race, and the Birth of the Manhattan Musical Marketplace.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

Goldberg, Isaac.  Tin Pan Alley: A Chronicle of American Popular Music.  New York: Ungar Publishing Group, 1982.

Goldmark, Daniel, Lawrence Kramer, and Richard Leppart, eds.  Beyond the Soundtrack.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.

Goodale, Greg.  Sonic Persuasion: Reading Sound in the Recorded Age. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.

Graham, Sandra Jean. Spirituals and the Birth of the Black Entertainment Industry.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2018.

Greene, Kevin D. “‘Just a Dream’: Big Bill Broonzy, the Blues, and Chicago’s Black Metropolis.” Journal of Urban History 40 (Jan. 2014): 116–136.

Hagstrom Miller, Carl.  Segregating Sound: Inventing Folk and Pop in the Age of Jim Crow.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Hall, James W.  “Conceptions of Liberty in American Broadside Ballads, 1850-1870.”  Journal of Popular Culture 2:2 (Fall 1968): 252-277.

Hamm, Charles.  Putting Popular Music in Its Place.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Haralambos, Michael.  Right On: From Blues to Soul in Black America.  New York: Drake, 1975.

Hill, Trent.  “The Enemy Within: Censorship in Rock Music in the 1950s.”  South Atlantic Quarterly 90 (Fall 1991): 675-708.

Hiroshi Garrett, Charles.  Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music and the Twentieth Century.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.

Huber, Patrick. “The New York Sound: Citybilly Recording Artists and the Creation of Hillbilly Music, 1924–1932.” Journal of American Folklore 127 (Spring 2014): 140–158.

Hughes, Charles L.  Country Soul: Making Music and Making Race in the American South.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

Jasen, David A.  Tin Pan Alley: The Composers, the Songs, the Performers, and their Times.  New York: Donald I. Fine, 1988.

Johnson, Mark A. “‘The Best Notes Made the Most Votes’: W. C. Handy, E. H. Crump, and Black Music as Politics.” Southern Cultures 20 (Summer 2014): 52–68. 

Jones, John Bush.  The Songs That Fought the War: Popular Music and the Home Front, 1939–1945. Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 2006. 

Jones, Steve. “Re-Viewing Rock Writing: The Origins of Popular Music Criticism.” American Journalism 9: 1/2 (1992): 87-107.

Jones, Steve, ed.  Pop Music and the Press.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002.

Joyner, Charles. “A Region in Harmony: Southern Music and the Sound Track of Freedom.”  Journal of Southern History 72 (February 2006): 3-38.

Kanter, Kenneth Aaron.  The Jews on Tin Pan Alley: The Jewish Contribution to American Popular Music, 1830-1940.  New York: Ktav Publishing House, 1982.

Kyriakoudes, Louis M.  “The Grand Ole Opry and the Urban South.”  Southern Cultures 10:1 (Spring 2004): 67-84.

La Chapelle, Peter.  I’d Fight the World: A Political History of Old-Time, Hillbilly, and Country Music.   Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019.

Lange, Jeffrey J.  Smile When You Call Me a Hillbilly: Country Music’s Struggle for Respectability, 1939-1954.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004.

Lauterbach, Preston.  The Chitlin’ Circuit and the Road to Rock and Roll.  New York: Norton, 2011.

Levy, Lester.  Grace Notes in American History: Popular Sheet Music from 1820 to 1900.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.

Levy, Lester.  Picture the Songs: Lithographs from Sheet Music.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Lawson, R.A.  Jim Crow’s Counterculture: The Blues and Black Southerners, 1890-1945.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.

Linn, Karen.  That Half Barbaric Twang: The Banjo in American Popular Culture.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

Lordi, Emily J.  The Meaning of Soul: Black Music and Resilience Since the 1960s.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.

Lott, Eric.  Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Lott, Eric. “Back Door Man: Howlin’ Wolf and the Sound of Jim Crow.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 697–710.

Lowney, John.  Jazz Internationalism: Literary Afro-Modernism and the Cultural Politics of Black Music.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2017.

Macías, Anthony. “‘Detroit Was Heavy’: Modern Jazz, Bebop, and African American Expressive Culture.” Journal of African American History 95 (Winter 2010): 44–70.

Mahon, Maureen.   Black Diamond Queens: African American Women and Rock and Roll.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.

Malone, Bill C.  Country Music, USA: A Fifty Year History.  Rev. ed.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985.

Malone, Bill C.  Singing Cowboys and Musical Mountaineers: Southern Culture and the Roots of Country Music.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1993.

Malone, Bill C.  Don’t Get Above Your Raisin’: Country Music and the Southern Working Class.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

Marks, Craig, and Rob Tannenbaum.  I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution.  New York: Dutton, 2011.

Menconi, David.  Oh, Didn’t They Ramble: Rounder Records and the Transformation of American Roots Music. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2023.

Millard, Andre.  America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound.  2 ed.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Millard, Andre.  Bealtemania: Technology, Business, and Teen Culture in Cold War America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Miller, Karl Hagstrom.  Segregating Sound: Inventing Folk and Pop Music in the Age of Jim Crow.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.

Mitchell, Gillian A. M. “Visions of Diversity: Cultural Pluralism and the Nation in the Folk Music Revival Movement of the United States and Canada, 1958-65.”  Journal of American Studies 40 (Dec. 2006): 593-14.

Monson, Ingrid. Freedom Sounds: Civil Rights Call out to Jazz and Africa.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Mooney, Matthew. “An ‘Invasion of Vulgarity’: American Popular Music and Modernity in Print Media Discourse, 1900­1925.” Americana 3 (Spring 2004) 

Mooney, Matthew J. “‘All join in the chorus’: Sheet Music, Vaudeville, and the Formation of American Cinema, 1904–1914.”  PhD dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 2006. 

Muir, Peter C.  Long Lost Blues: Popular Blues in America, 1850–1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010. 

Neal, Mark Anthony.  What the Music Said: Black Popular Music and Black Public Culture.  New York: Routledge, 1998.

Neer, Richard.  FM: The Rise and Fall of Rock Radio.  New York: Random House, 2001.

Newbury, Michael. “Polite Gaity: Cultural Hierarchy and Musical Comedy, 1893-1904.”  Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 4:4 (October 2005): 381-407.

Ogren, Kathy J.  The Jazz Revolution: Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Paulo, Joaquim, and Julius Wiedemann.  Funk & Soul Covers.  New York: Taschen, 2021.

Pecknold, Diane. The Selling Sound: The Rise of the Country Music Industry. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Picardie, Justine, and Dorothy Wade.  Atlantic and the Godfathers of Rock and Roll.  London: Fourth Estate, 1993.

Pecknold, Diane E. “The Selling Sound: Country Music, Commercialism, and the Politics of Popular Culture, 1920-1974.” PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 2002.

Peterson, Richard A.  Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Petty, Miriam J.   Stealing the Show: African American Performers and Audiences in the 1930s. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.

Powers, Devon.  “The ‘Folk Problem’:  The Village Voice Takes on Folk Music, 1955-65.”  Journalism History 33:4 (Winter 2008): 194-204.   

Rasmussen, Christopher.  “Lonely Sounds: Popular Recorded Music and American Society, 1949–1979.”  PhD dissertation, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 2008.

Roberts, Brian. Blackface Nation: Race, Reform, and Identity in American Popular Music, 1812-1925. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Rodnitzky, Jerome L.  “The Evolution of the American Protest Song.”  Journal of Popular Culture 3:1 (Summer 1969): 35-45.

Roka, Les. “A Day in the Life of American Music Criticism: The Sgt. Pepper Debate of 1967-69.” Journalism History30:1 (Spring 2004): 20-30.

Rhodes, Lisa L.  Electric Ladyland: Women and Rock Culture.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

Roy, William G.  “Race Records and Hillbilly Music: Institutional Origins of Racial Categories in the American Commercial Recording Industry.”  Poetics 32:3/4 (June 2004): 265-279.

Rubin, Rachel, and Jeffrey Melnick, eds.  American Popular Music.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.

Ruhlmann, William.  Breaking Records: 100 Years of Hits.  New York: Routledge, 2004.

Sanjek, Russell.  From Print to Plastic: Publishing and Pro­mot­ing America’s Popular Mu­sic, 1900-1980. Brooklyn, NY: Insti­tute for Studies in American Popular Music, 1983.

Sanjek, Russell, and David Sanjek.  Pennies from Heaven: The American Popular Music Business in the Twentieth Century.  New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.

Schenbeck, Lawrence.  Racial Uplift and American Music, 1878-1943.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012.

Scheurer, Timothy E.  Born in the USA: The Myth of America in Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1991.

Schmidt, Michael.  “The Louis Armstrong Story, Reissues, and the LP Record: Anchors of Significance.”  Journal of Social History 52:2 (Winter 2018): 304-331.

Schreiber, Brad.  Music is Power: Popular Songs, Social Justice, and the Will to Change.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2020.

Schroeder, Patricia R.  “Passing for Black: Coon Songs and the Performance of Race.” Journal of American Culture 33 (June 2010): 139–153.

Schurk, William L. “Before the Beatles: International Influences on American Popular Recordings, 1940-63.”  Popular Music and Society 30 (May 2007): 227-266.

Scully, Michael F.  The Never-Ending Revival: Rounder Records and the Folk Alliance.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Shaw, Arnold.  The Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920s.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Sikes, Laura.  “In the Groove: American Rock Criticism, 1966-1978.” PhD dissertation, University of Rochester, 2017.

Smith, Chris.  100 Albums That Changed Popular Music: A Reference Guide.  Westport: Greenwood, 2007.

Smith, Susan E.  Dancing in the Street: Motown and the Cultural Politics of Detroit.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Smith, Wes.  The Pied Pipers of Rock and Roll: Radio DeeJays of the 50s and 60s.  Marietta, Ga.: Longstreet, 1989.

Smolko, Tim, and Joanna Smolko. Atomic Tunes: The Cold War in American and British Popular Music.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2021.

Stamz, Richard E., with Patrick A. Roberts.  Give ‘Em Soul, Richard! Race, Radio, and Rhythm and Blues in Chicago.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Stanfield, Peter.  Body and Soul: Jazz and Blues in American Film, 1927-63.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2005.

Stowe, David W.  How Sweet the Sound: Music in the Spiritual Lives of Americans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004. 

Stimeling, Travis D.  “The Sons of the Pioneers’ Lucky ‘U’ Ranch and the Singing Cowboy in Cold War America.” American Music 28 (Spring 2010): 76–96.

Suisman, David.  “Co-Workers in the Kingdom of Culture: Black Swan Records and the Political Economy of African-American Music.”  Journal of American History 90:4 (March 2004): 1295-1324.

Suisman, David, and Susan Strasser, eds.  Sound in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

Suisman, David.  Selling Sounds: The Commercial Revolution in American Music.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009.

Takebayashi, Shuichi. “The Making of Folk Identity: Politics, Consumption, Tradition, and Rebellion in the Folk Music Revival Movement,” PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, 2010.

Tawa, Nicholas E.  The Way to Tin Pan Alley: American Popular Song, 1866-1910.  New York: Schirmer, 1990.

Taylor, Timothy D.  The Sounds of Capitalism: Advertising, Music, and the Conquest of Culture.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Terry, Jill, and Neil A. Wynn, eds. Transatlantic Roots Music: Folk, Blues, and National Identities. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012.

Thompson, Katrina Dyonne.  Ring Shout, Wheel About: The Racial Politics of Music and Dance in North American Slavery.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2014.

Toll, Robert C.  Blacking Up:  The Minstrel Show in 19th Century America.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Torell, Kurt.  Rock and Roll, Social Protest, and Authenticity: Historical, Philosophical, and Cultural Exploration.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2021.

Townsend, Peter.  Pearl Harbor Jazz: Change in Popular Music in the Early 1940s.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.

Vander Wel, Stephanie.  Hillbilly Maidens, Okies, and Cowgirls: Women’s Country Music, 1930-1960.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2020.

Wald, Gayle. “Soul Vibrations: Black Music and Black Freedom in Sound and Space.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 673–696.

Ward, Brian.  Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness, and Race Relations.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Ward, Brian.  Radio and the Struggle for Civil Rights in the South.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.

Walton, Jonathan L. “The Preachers’ Blues: Religious Race Records and Claims of Authority on Wax.” Religion and American Culture 20 (Summer 2010): 205–232.

Weburn, Ron.  “Jazz Magazines of the 1930s: An Overview of Their Provocative Journalism.”  American Music 5:3 (Autumn 1987): 255-270.

Weinstein, Elizabeth.  “Married to Rock and Roll: Jane Scott, Mother of Rock Journalism.”  Journalism History 32:3 (Fall 2006): 147-155.

Weisbard, Eric.  Top 40 Democracy: The Rival Mainstreams of American Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.

Weisbard, Eric.  Songbooks: The Literature of American Popular Music.  Durham: Duke University Press, 2021.

Werner, Craig.  Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race, and the Soul of America.  New York: Plume, 1999.

Wierzbicki, James.  Music in the Age of Anxiety: American Music in the Fifties.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2016.

Williams, Richard. The Blue Moment: Miles Davis’s Kind of Blue and the Remaking of Modern Music. New York: Norton, 2009.

Willis, Ellen. Out of the Vinyl Deeps: Ellen Willis on Rock Music, ed. Nona Willis Aronowitz.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011.

Wilson, Charles Reagan. “Mississippi Rebels: Elvis Presley, Fannie Lou Hamer, and the South’s Culture of Religious Music.” Southern Quarterly 50 (Winter 2013): 9–30.

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