Sound Technology, the Music Industry, and Cultural Histories of Music
Sound Recording Technology
Blake, Art M. “Audible Citizenship and Audiomobility: Race, Technology, and CB Radio.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 531–553.
Borgerson, Janet, and Jonathan Schroeder. Designed for Hi-Fi Living: The Vinyl LP in Midcentury America. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2017.
Clark, Mark H. “The Magnetic Recording Industry, 1878-1960.” PhD dissertation, University of Delaware, 1992.
Gelatt, Ronald. The Fabulous Phonograph, 1877-1977. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan, 1977.
Horning, Susan Schmidt. “Engineering the Performance: Recording Engineers, Tacit Knowledge, and the Art of Controlling Sound.” Social Studies of Science 34:5 (October 2004): 703-731.
Horning, Susan Schmidt. Chasing Sound: Technology, Culture, and the Art of Studio Recording from Edison to the LP. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
Kenny, William H. Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Kraft, James P. Stage to Studio: Musicians and the Sound Revolution, 1890-1950. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
Krishef, Robert K. Playback: The Story of Recording Devices. Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing, 1962.
Lastra, James. Sound Technology and the American Cinema: Perception, Reception, and Modernity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Lydon, Michael, and Ellen Mandel. Boogie Lightning: How Music Became Electric. New York: Dial, 1974.
Magoun, Alexander Boyden. “Shaping the Sound of Music: The Evolution of the Phonograph Record, 1877-1950.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, 2000.
Martin, Lerone A. Preaching on Wax: The Phonograph and the Shaping of Modern African American Religion. New York: New York University Press, 2015.
Masters, Marc. High Bias: The Distorted History of the Cassette Tape. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2023.
Morton, David. Off the Record: The Technology and Culture of Sound Recording in America. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2000.
Morton, David. Sound Recording: The Life Story of a Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Read, Oliver, and Walter L. Welch. From Tin Foil to Stereo: The Evolution of the Phonograph. Indianapolis: H.W. Swan, 1976.
Schmidt, Susan Horning. Chasing Sound: Technology, Culture, and the Art of Studio Recording from Edison to the LP. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
Sewald, Ronda L. “Forced Listening: The Contested Use of Loudspeakers for Commercial and Political Messages in the Public Soundscape.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 761–780.
Steffen, David J. From Edison to Marconi: The First Thirty Years of Recorded Music. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2005.
Tang, Jeffrey Donald. “Sound Decisions: Systems, Standards, and Consumers in American Audio Technology, 1945–1975.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2004.
Taylor, Timothy D., Mark Katz, and Tony Grajeda, eds. Music, Sound, and Technology in America: A Documentary History of Early Phonograph, Cinema, and Radio. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.
Wurtzler, Steve J. Electric Sounds: Technological Change and the Rise of Corporate Mass Media. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
The Music Industry and Cultural Histories of Music
Abbott, Lynn, and Doug Seroff. Ragged but Right: Black Travelling Shows, “Coon Songs,” and the Dark Pathway to Blues and Jazz. Oxford: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.
Abbott, Lynn, and Doug Seroff. Out of Sight: The Rise of African-American Popular Music, 1888-1895. Oxford: University Press of Mississippi, 2009.
Allen, Ray. “In Pursuit of Authenticity: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Postwar Folk Music Revival.” Journal of the Society for American Music 4:3 (2010): 277-305.
Allen, Ray. Gone to the Country: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Folk Music Revival. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Anderson, Tim. Making Easy Listening: Material Culture and Postwar American Recording. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.
Barnett, Kyle. Record Cultures: The Transformation of the U.S. Recording Industry. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2020.
Beebe, Roger, and Jason Middleton, eds. Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cell Phones. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.
Berry, Chad, ed. The Hayloft Gang: The Story of the National Barn Dance. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.
Bertrand, Michael T. Race, Rock, and Elvis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.
Bradley, Doug, and Craig Werner. We Gotta Get Out of This Place: The Soundtrack of the Vietnam War. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2015.
Brooks, Jeneve R. “The Silent Soundtrack: Anti-War Music from Vietnam to Iraq.” PhD dissertation, Fordham University, 2009.
Brooks, Tim. Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890-1919. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.
Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Beyond Blackface: African Americans and the Creation of American Popular Culture, 1890-1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Burke, Patrick. “Tear Down the Walls: Jefferson Airplane, Race, and Revolutionary Rhetoric in 1960s Rock.” Popular Music (Cambridge) 29 (January 2010): 61–79.
Campbell, Gavin James. Music and the Making of the New South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
Carlin, Richard, and Kinshasha Holman Conwill, eds. Ain’t Nothing Like the Real Thing: How the Apollo Theater Shaped American Entertainment. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 2010.
Chapple, Steve, and Reebee Garofalo. Rock and Roll is Here to Pay: the History and Politics of the Music Industry. Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1977.
Chevigny, Paul. Gigs: Jazz and the Cabaret Laws in New York City. 2 ed. New York: Routlege, 2004.
Clarke, Donald. The Rise and Fall of Popular Music. New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.
Clegg, Mindy L. “When Jazz Was King: Selling Records With the Cold War.” Journal of American Culture 38:3 (2015): 243-254.
Cohen, Harvey G. “The Marketing of Duke Ellington: Setting the Strategy for an African American Maestro.” Journal of African American History 89:4 (Autumn 2004): 291-315.
Crawford, Richard. America’s Musical Life: A History. New York: Norton, 2005.
Cummings, Alex S. “From Monopoly to Intellectual Property: Music Piracy and the Remaking of American Copyright, 1909—1971.” Journal of American History 97:3 (December 2010): 659-681.
Cummings, Alex Sayf. “The Bootleg South: The Geography of Music Piracy in the 1970s.” Southern Cultures 19 (Spring 2013): 82–97.
Cummings, Alex S. Democracy of Sound: Music Piracy and the Remaking of American Copyright in the Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Davis, Joshua Clark. “For the Record.” Southern Cultures 17:4 (Winter 2011): 71-90. Black-owned record stores
Delmont, Matthew F. The Nicest Kids in Town: American Bandstand, Rock ‘n’ Roll, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in 1950s Philadelphia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.
Donaldson, Rachel Clare. “I Hear America Singing”: Folk Music and National Identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2014.
Doran, Emma. “Configuring the Dance Review in the North-American Daily, 1890-1920.” Media History 24: 3/4 (August/November 2018): 493-513.
Dormon, James H. “Shaping the Popular Image of Post-Reconstruction American Blacks: The ‘Coon Song’ Phenomenon of the Gilded Age.” American Quarterly 40:4 (December 1988): 450-471.
Foreman, Murray. One Night on TV is Worth Weeks at the Paramount: Popular Music on Early Television. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.
Fox, John Hartley. King of the Queen City: The Story of King Records. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
Frith, Simon, and Andrew Goodwin, eds. On Record: Rock, Pop, and the Written Word. New York: Pantheon Books, 1990.
Frontani, Michael R. “Beatlepeople: Gramsci, the Beatles, and Rolling Stone.” American Journalism19:3 (2002): 39-61.
Frontani, Michael. The Beatles: Image and the Media. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.
Gebhardt, Nicholas. Vaudeville Melodies: Popular Musicians and Mass Entertainment in American Culture, 1870-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.
Gennari, John. Blowin’ Hot and Cold: Jazz and Its Critics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
George, Nelson. The Death of Rhythm and Blues. New York: Pantheon, 1988.
George, Nelson. The Hippest Trip in America: Soul Train and the Evolution of Culture and Style. New York: Morrow, 2014.
Gilbert, David W. The Product of Our Souls: Ragtime, Race, and the Birth of the Manhattan Musical Marketplace. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.
Goldberg, Isaac. Tin Pan Alley: A Chronicle of American Popular Music. New York: Ungar Publishing Group, 1982.
Goldmark, Daniel, Lawrence Kramer, and Richard Leppart, eds. Beyond the Soundtrack. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.
Goodale, Greg. Sonic Persuasion: Reading Sound in the Recorded Age. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.
Graham, Sandra Jean. Spirituals and the Birth of the Black Entertainment Industry. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2018.
Greene, Kevin D. “‘Just a Dream’: Big Bill Broonzy, the Blues, and Chicago’s Black Metropolis.” Journal of Urban History 40 (Jan. 2014): 116–136.
Hagstrom Miller, Carl. Segregating Sound: Inventing Folk and Pop in the Age of Jim Crow. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
Hall, James W. “Conceptions of Liberty in American Broadside Ballads, 1850-1870.” Journal of Popular Culture 2:2 (Fall 1968): 252-277.
Hamm, Charles. Putting Popular Music in Its Place. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Haralambos, Michael. Right On: From Blues to Soul in Black America. New York: Drake, 1975.
Hill, Trent. “The Enemy Within: Censorship in Rock Music in the 1950s.” South Atlantic Quarterly 90 (Fall 1991): 675-708.
Hiroshi Garrett, Charles. Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music and the Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.
Huber, Patrick. “The New York Sound: Citybilly Recording Artists and the Creation of Hillbilly Music, 1924–1932.” Journal of American Folklore 127 (Spring 2014): 140–158.
Hughes, Charles L. Country Soul: Making Music and Making Race in the American South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.
Jasen, David A. Tin Pan Alley: The Composers, the Songs, the Performers, and their Times. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1988.
Johnson, Mark A. “‘The Best Notes Made the Most Votes’: W. C. Handy, E. H. Crump, and Black Music as Politics.” Southern Cultures 20 (Summer 2014): 52–68.
Jones, John Bush. The Songs That Fought the War: Popular Music and the Home Front, 1939–1945. Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 2006.
Jones, Steve. “Re-Viewing Rock Writing: The Origins of Popular Music Criticism.” American Journalism 9: 1/2 (1992): 87-107.
Jones, Steve, ed. Pop Music and the Press. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002.
Joyner, Charles. “A Region in Harmony: Southern Music and the Sound Track of Freedom.” Journal of Southern History 72 (February 2006): 3-38.
Kanter, Kenneth Aaron. The Jews on Tin Pan Alley: The Jewish Contribution to American Popular Music, 1830-1940. New York: Ktav Publishing House, 1982.
Kyriakoudes, Louis M. “The Grand Ole Opry and the Urban South.” Southern Cultures 10:1 (Spring 2004): 67-84.
La Chapelle, Peter. I’d Fight the World: A Political History of Old-Time, Hillbilly, and Country Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019.
Lange, Jeffrey J. Smile When You Call Me a Hillbilly: Country Music’s Struggle for Respectability, 1939-1954. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004.
Lauterbach, Preston. The Chitlin’ Circuit and the Road to Rock and Roll. New York: Norton, 2011.
Levy, Lester. Grace Notes in American History: Popular Sheet Music from 1820 to 1900. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.
Levy, Lester. Picture the Songs: Lithographs from Sheet Music. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.
Lawson, R.A. Jim Crow’s Counterculture: The Blues and Black Southerners, 1890-1945. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
Linn, Karen. That Half Barbaric Twang: The Banjo in American Popular Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
Lordi, Emily J. The Meaning of Soul: Black Music and Resilience Since the 1960s. Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.
Lott, Eric. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Lott, Eric. “Back Door Man: Howlin’ Wolf and the Sound of Jim Crow.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 697–710.
Lowney, John. Jazz Internationalism: Literary Afro-Modernism and the Cultural Politics of Black Music. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2017.
Macías, Anthony. “‘Detroit Was Heavy’: Modern Jazz, Bebop, and African American Expressive Culture.” Journal of African American History 95 (Winter 2010): 44–70.
Mahon, Maureen. Black Diamond Queens: African American Women and Rock and Roll. Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.
Malone, Bill C. Country Music, USA: A Fifty Year History. Rev. ed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985.
Malone, Bill C. Singing Cowboys and Musical Mountaineers: Southern Culture and the Roots of Country Music. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1993.
Malone, Bill C. Don’t Get Above Your Raisin’: Country Music and the Southern Working Class. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002.
Marks, Craig, and Rob Tannenbaum. I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution. New York: Dutton, 2011.
Menconi, David. Oh, Didn’t They Ramble: Rounder Records and the Transformation of American Roots Music. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2023.
Millard, Andre. America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound. 2 ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Millard, Andre. Bealtemania: Technology, Business, and Teen Culture in Cold War America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.
Miller, Karl Hagstrom. Segregating Sound: Inventing Folk and Pop Music in the Age of Jim Crow. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.
Mitchell, Gillian A. M. “Visions of Diversity: Cultural Pluralism and the Nation in the Folk Music Revival Movement of the United States and Canada, 1958-65.” Journal of American Studies 40 (Dec. 2006): 593-14.
Monson, Ingrid. Freedom Sounds: Civil Rights Call out to Jazz and Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Mooney, Matthew. “An ‘Invasion of Vulgarity’: American Popular Music and Modernity in Print Media Discourse, 19001925.” Americana 3 (Spring 2004)
Mooney, Matthew J. “‘All join in the chorus’: Sheet Music, Vaudeville, and the Formation of American Cinema, 1904–1914.” PhD dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 2006.
Muir, Peter C. Long Lost Blues: Popular Blues in America, 1850–1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Neal, Mark Anthony. What the Music Said: Black Popular Music and Black Public Culture. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Neer, Richard. FM: The Rise and Fall of Rock Radio. New York: Random House, 2001.
Newbury, Michael. “Polite Gaity: Cultural Hierarchy and Musical Comedy, 1893-1904.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 4:4 (October 2005): 381-407.
Ogren, Kathy J. The Jazz Revolution: Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Paulo, Joaquim, and Julius Wiedemann. Funk & Soul Covers. New York: Taschen, 2021.
Pecknold, Diane. The Selling Sound: The Rise of the Country Music Industry. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.
Picardie, Justine, and Dorothy Wade. Atlantic and the Godfathers of Rock and Roll. London: Fourth Estate, 1993.
Pecknold, Diane E. “The Selling Sound: Country Music, Commercialism, and the Politics of Popular Culture, 1920-1974.” PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 2002.
Peterson, Richard A. Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Petty, Miriam J. Stealing the Show: African American Performers and Audiences in the 1930s. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.
Powers, Devon. “The ‘Folk Problem’: The Village Voice Takes on Folk Music, 1955-65.” Journalism History 33:4 (Winter 2008): 194-204.
Rasmussen, Christopher. “Lonely Sounds: Popular Recorded Music and American Society, 1949–1979.” PhD dissertation, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 2008.
Roberts, Brian. Blackface Nation: Race, Reform, and Identity in American Popular Music, 1812-1925. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.
Rodnitzky, Jerome L. “The Evolution of the American Protest Song.” Journal of Popular Culture 3:1 (Summer 1969): 35-45.
Roka, Les. “A Day in the Life of American Music Criticism: The Sgt. Pepper Debate of 1967-69.” Journalism History30:1 (Spring 2004): 20-30.
Rhodes, Lisa L. Electric Ladyland: Women and Rock Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.
Roy, William G. “Race Records and Hillbilly Music: Institutional Origins of Racial Categories in the American Commercial Recording Industry.” Poetics 32:3/4 (June 2004): 265-279.
Rubin, Rachel, and Jeffrey Melnick, eds. American Popular Music. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
Ruhlmann, William. Breaking Records: 100 Years of Hits. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Sanjek, Russell. From Print to Plastic: Publishing and Promoting America’s Popular Music, 1900-1980. Brooklyn, NY: Institute for Studies in American Popular Music, 1983.
Sanjek, Russell, and David Sanjek. Pennies from Heaven: The American Popular Music Business in the Twentieth Century. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.
Schenbeck, Lawrence. Racial Uplift and American Music, 1878-1943. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012.
Scheurer, Timothy E. Born in the USA: The Myth of America in Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1991.
Schmidt, Michael. “The Louis Armstrong Story, Reissues, and the LP Record: Anchors of Significance.” Journal of Social History 52:2 (Winter 2018): 304-331.
Schreiber, Brad. Music is Power: Popular Songs, Social Justice, and the Will to Change. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2020.
Schroeder, Patricia R. “Passing for Black: Coon Songs and the Performance of Race.” Journal of American Culture 33 (June 2010): 139–153.
Schurk, William L. “Before the Beatles: International Influences on American Popular Recordings, 1940-63.” Popular Music and Society 30 (May 2007): 227-266.
Scully, Michael F. The Never-Ending Revival: Rounder Records and the Folk Alliance. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.
Shaw, Arnold. The Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Sikes, Laura. “In the Groove: American Rock Criticism, 1966-1978.” PhD dissertation, University of Rochester, 2017.
Smith, Chris. 100 Albums That Changed Popular Music: A Reference Guide. Westport: Greenwood, 2007.
Smith, Susan E. Dancing in the Street: Motown and the Cultural Politics of Detroit. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Smith, Wes. The Pied Pipers of Rock and Roll: Radio DeeJays of the 50s and 60s. Marietta, Ga.: Longstreet, 1989.
Smolko, Tim, and Joanna Smolko. Atomic Tunes: The Cold War in American and British Popular Music. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2021.
Stamz, Richard E., with Patrick A. Roberts. Give ‘Em Soul, Richard! Race, Radio, and Rhythm and Blues in Chicago. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Stanfield, Peter. Body and Soul: Jazz and Blues in American Film, 1927-63. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2005.
Stowe, David W. How Sweet the Sound: Music in the Spiritual Lives of Americans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Stimeling, Travis D. “The Sons of the Pioneers’ Lucky ‘U’ Ranch and the Singing Cowboy in Cold War America.” American Music 28 (Spring 2010): 76–96.
Suisman, David. “Co-Workers in the Kingdom of Culture: Black Swan Records and the Political Economy of African-American Music.” Journal of American History 90:4 (March 2004): 1295-1324.
Suisman, David, and Susan Strasser, eds. Sound in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.
Suisman, David. Selling Sounds: The Commercial Revolution in American Music. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Takebayashi, Shuichi. “The Making of Folk Identity: Politics, Consumption, Tradition, and Rebellion in the Folk Music Revival Movement,” PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, 2010.
Tawa, Nicholas E. The Way to Tin Pan Alley: American Popular Song, 1866-1910. New York: Schirmer, 1990.
Taylor, Timothy D. The Sounds of Capitalism: Advertising, Music, and the Conquest of Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.
Terry, Jill, and Neil A. Wynn, eds. Transatlantic Roots Music: Folk, Blues, and National Identities. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012.
Thompson, Katrina Dyonne. Ring Shout, Wheel About: The Racial Politics of Music and Dance in North American Slavery. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2014.
Toll, Robert C. Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in 19th Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Torell, Kurt. Rock and Roll, Social Protest, and Authenticity: Historical, Philosophical, and Cultural Exploration. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2021.
Townsend, Peter. Pearl Harbor Jazz: Change in Popular Music in the Early 1940s. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.
Vander Wel, Stephanie. Hillbilly Maidens, Okies, and Cowgirls: Women’s Country Music, 1930-1960. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2020.
Wald, Gayle. “Soul Vibrations: Black Music and Black Freedom in Sound and Space.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 673–696.
Ward, Brian. Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness, and Race Relations. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Ward, Brian. Radio and the Struggle for Civil Rights in the South. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.
Walton, Jonathan L. “The Preachers’ Blues: Religious Race Records and Claims of Authority on Wax.” Religion and American Culture 20 (Summer 2010): 205–232.
Weburn, Ron. “Jazz Magazines of the 1930s: An Overview of Their Provocative Journalism.” American Music 5:3 (Autumn 1987): 255-270.
Weinstein, Elizabeth. “Married to Rock and Roll: Jane Scott, Mother of Rock Journalism.” Journalism History 32:3 (Fall 2006): 147-155.
Weisbard, Eric. Top 40 Democracy: The Rival Mainstreams of American Music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.
Weisbard, Eric. Songbooks: The Literature of American Popular Music. Durham: Duke University Press, 2021.
Werner, Craig. Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race, and the Soul of America. New York: Plume, 1999.
Wierzbicki, James. Music in the Age of Anxiety: American Music in the Fifties. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2016.
Williams, Richard. The Blue Moment: Miles Davis’s Kind of Blue and the Remaking of Modern Music. New York: Norton, 2009.
Willis, Ellen. Out of the Vinyl Deeps: Ellen Willis on Rock Music, ed. Nona Willis Aronowitz. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011.
Wilson, Charles Reagan. “Mississippi Rebels: Elvis Presley, Fannie Lou Hamer, and the South’s Culture of Religious Music.” Southern Quarterly 50 (Winter 2013): 9–30.