Regional and Local Journalism

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New York State

Carroll, Margaret Lasch.  “Martin Glynn’s Newspaper Editorials: Constructing Albany’s Answers to the Irish Questions, 1913-1924.” Nordic Irish Studies 14 (2015): 111-125.

Cressman, Dale.  “From Newspaper Row to Times Square: The Dispersal and Contested Identity of an Imagined Journalistic Community.”  Journalism History 34:4 (Winter 2009): 182-193.   NY City 

Dillon, Michael J. “From Populist to Patrician: Edward H. Butler’s Buffalo News and the Crisis of Labor, 1877-1892.” American Journalism 16:1 (1999): 41-58.

Follet, Frederick.  History of the Press of Western New York.  reprint edition.  Harrison, NY: Harbor Hill Books, 1973.

Fox, Louis H.  “New York City Newspapers, 1820-1850: A Bibliography.”  Papers of the Bibliographic Society of America.  21, parts 1-2.  Chicago, 1927.

Hamilton, William W.  The Country Printer in New York State, 1785-1830.  Port Washington, NY: I.J. Friedman, 1964.

Morgan, David. The Capitol Press Corps: Newsmen and the Governing of New York State. New York: Praeger, 1978.

Roff, Sandra.  “Brooklyn New York’s Lost Publishing Past Revealed: 1806-1870. Journalism History 46:2 (June 2020): 165-180.

Sumpter, Randall S. “Sensation and Century: How Four New York Dailies Covered the End of the Nineteenth Century.” American Journalism 18:3 (2001): 81-100.

Tritter, Thorin Richard.  “Paper Profits in Public Service: Money Making in the New York Newspaper Industry, 1830-1930.” PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 2000.


Abramosko, Donald J.  “Victor Lawson and the Chicago Weekly News: A Defeat.”  Journalism Quarterly 43 (Spring 1966): 43-48.

Andrews, Robert.  A Corner of Chicago.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1963.

Arnold-Foster, Tom.  “Journalism and Corruption in Chicago, 1912-1931.” The Historical Journal 65:5 (December 2022): 1374-1396.

Banning, Stephen A.  “Not Quite Professional: Bohemian and Elitist Newspaper Clubs in Nineteenth-Century Chicago.” Journalism History 40:1 (Spring 2014): 28-39.

Bekken, Jon E.  “Working Class Newspapers, Community, and Consciousness in Chicago, 1880-1930.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, 1992.

Bekken, Jon. “Labor Confronts the Chicago Newspaper Trust.” Journalism History 18 (January 1992): 11-17.

Bekken, Jon E.  “The Chicago Newspaper Scene: An Ecological Perspective.”  Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 74 (1997): 490-500.

Dewey Johns, Elizabeth.  “Chicago’s Papers and the News.”  PhD dissertation, University of Chicago, 1942.

Dornfield, A.A. Behind the Front Page: The Story of the City News Bureau of Chicago.  Chicago: Academy, 1983.

Erickson, John Edward.  “Newspapers and Social Values: Chicago Journalism, 1890-1910.”  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, 1973.

Fedler, Fred. “Mrs. O’Leary’s Cow and Other Newspaper Tales About the Chicago Fire of 1871.” American Journalism 3 (1986): 24–38.

Green, N., S. Lacy, and Jean Folkerts.  “Chicago Journalists at the Turn of the Century: Bohemians All?”  Journalism Quarterly 66:4 (Winter 1989): 813-821.

Griffin, Dick, and Rob Warden, eds.  Done in a Day: 100 Years of Great Writing from the Chicago Daily News.  Chicago: Swallow Press, 1977.

Groeninger, David V.  “Chicago Imagined: The Role of Newspaper Columnists in Creating a City of the Mind, 1890–1930.”  PhD dissertation, Loyola University, 2005.

Junger, Richard. Becoming the Second City: Chicago’s Mass News Media, 1833-1898. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Klatt, Wayne.  Chicago Journalism: A History.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Lorenz, Larry. “The Whitechapel Club: Defining Chicago’s Journalists in the 19th Century.” American Journalism 15, no. 1 (1998): 83–102.

McPhaul, John J.  Deadlines and Moonshines: The Fabled World of Chicago Journalism.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Mayer, Gordon.  “Party Rags?: Politics and the News Business in Chicago’s Party Press, 1831-71.”  Journalism History 32:3 (Fall 2006): 138-146.

Peterson, Paul V.  “The Chicago Daily Herald: Righting the Historical Record.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Winter 1970): 697-701.

Rapoport, Ron, ed.  From Black Sox to Three-Peats: A Century of Chicago’s Best Sports Writing from the Tribune, Sun-Times, and Other Newspapers.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Schmidt, Royal.  “The Chicago Daily News and Illinois Politics, 1876-1920.” Phd dissertation, University of Chicago, 1957.

Sims, Norman H.  “The Chicago Style of Journalism.”  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, 1979.

Solomonson, Katherine.  The Chicago Tribune Tower Competition: Skyscraper Design and Cultural Change in the 1920s.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

East/New England

Boyd Hinds, Lynn.  Broadcasting the Local News: The Early Years of Pittsburgh’s KDKA-TV.  University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

Fassett, Frederick Garner.  A History of Newspapers in the District of Maine.  Orono: University of Maine Press, 1932.

Hamilton, Milton W.  The Country Printer.  Port Washington: I.J. Friedman, 1964.

Hixson, Richard F.  “The Founding of New Jersey’s First Permanent Newspaper.”  Journalism Quarterly 40 (Spring 1963): 233-235.

Humphrey, Carol Sue. “The Rhode Island Pillar: Rhode Island Newspapers and the Ratification of the Constitution.” Rhode Island History 52 (1994): 48-57.

Lafferty, Ben P.  American Intelligence: Small-Town News and Political Culture in Federalist New Hampshire.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2020.

Maurantonio, Nicole. “Crisis, Race, and Journalistic Authority in Postwar Philadelphia.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2009.

Miller, Alan Robert.  The History of Current Maine Newspapers.  Lisbon Falls, ME: Eastland Press, 1978.

Morse, Jarvis M.  Connecticut Newspapers in the Eighteenth Century.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1935.

Preston, Dickson J.  Newspapers of Maryland’s Eastern Shore.  Centerville, MD: Queen Anne Press, 1987.

Steirer, William.  “Philadelphia Newspapers: Years of Revolution and Transition, 1764-1974.”  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1972.

Wyatt, James J. “Covering Suburbia: Newspapers, Suburbanization, and Social Change in the Postwar Philadelphia Region, 1945–1982.”  PhD dissertation, Temple University, 2012.

The South and Appalachia

Acheson, Sam.  News: 35,000 Days in Texas.  New York: Macmillan, 1938.

Allen, Charles L.  Country Journalism.  New York: Nelson, 1928.

Allsopp, Fred W.  History of the Arkansas Press for 100 Years and More.  Little Rock: Park-Harper Publishers, 1922.

Baker, Kathleen Ann.  “The Press that Cotton Built: Printing in Mobile, Alabama, 1850-1865.”  PhD dissertation, University of Alabama, 2004.

Cappon, James L.  Virginia Newspapers: A Bibliography and Historical Introduction.  New York: Appleton-Century, 1936.

Carter, Hodding.  Their Words Were Bullets: The Southern Press in War, Reconstruction, and Peace.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1970.

Casad, Dede W.  Texans Behind the News: Texas Journalists of the Twentieth Century.  Austin: Eakin Press, 2000.

Colistra, Rita. “The Rumble and the Dark: Regional Newspaper Framing of the Buffalo Creek Mine Disaster of 1972.” Journal of Appalachian Studies 16 (Spring–Fall 2010): 79–100.

Chute, Michael D.  “Clayton Thomas Rand and the Role of the Rural Press in the Development of Mississippi.”  PhD dissertation, Southern Mississippi, 2001.

Clark, E. Culpepper.  “Francis Warrington Dawson: The New South Revisited.” American Journalism 3:1 (1986): 5-23.  (Charleston News and Courier)

Clark, Thomas D.  The Southern Country Editor.  New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1948.

Cox, Patrick.  The First Texas News Barons.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005.

Cumming, Doug.  The Southern Press: Literary Legacies and the Challenge of Modernity.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2009.

Cumming, Douglas O.  “Ink and Blood: Dueling as an Occupational Hazard in Southern Journalism.”  Journalism History 44:1 (Spring 2018): 40-49.

Davies, David R., ed.  The Press and Race: Mississippi Journalists Confront the Movement.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2001.*

Davis, Harold E. “‘A Brave and Beautiful City’: Henry Grady and the New South.” American Journalism 5 (1988): 131–44.

Davis, Horance G., Jr.  “Pensacola Newspapers, 1821-1900.”  Florida Historical Quarterly 37 (1959): 419-445.

Dougan, Michael B.  Community Diaries: Arkansas Newspapering, 1819-2002.  August House Publishers, 2004.

Durham, Frank D.  “Anti-Communism, Race, and Structuration: Newspaper Coverage of the Labor and Desegregation Movements in the South, 1932-40 and 1953-61.” Journalism and Communication Monographs 4:2 (Summer 2002).

Ellison, Rhoda C.  “Newspaper Publishing in Frontier Alabama.”  Journalism Quarterly 23 (September 1946): 269-301.

Ellison, Rhoda C.  History and Bibliography of Alabama Newspapers of the Nineteenth Century.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1954.

Garrett Segura, Judith.  Belo: From Newspapers to New Media.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009.  (Texas NP history)

Garrigus, Carl E.  “Profit and the Press: Georgia Newspapers from the Stamp Act to the Nullification Crisis.”  PhD dissertation, Georgia State University, 1997.

Gelsanliter, David.  Fresh Ink: Behind the Scenes at a Major Metropolitan Newspaper.  Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1995. (Dallas Morning News)

Griffith, Louis Turner, and John Erwin Talmadge.  Georgia Journalism 1763-1950.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1951.

Grimes, Millard B.  The Last Linotype: The Story of Georgia and its Newspapers Since World War II.  Macon: Mercer University Press, 1985.

Hollis, Daniel Webster, III.  An Alabama Newspaper Tradition: Grover C. Hall and the Hall Family.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1983.

Jean, Susan. “‘Warrented’ Lynchings: Narratives of Mob Violence in Southern White Newspapers, 1880–1940.” American Nineteenth Century History (London) 6 (September 2005): 351–72.

Johnson, Delores M. “Not a Story to be Told: Discourse, Race, and Myth in Huntington, West Virginia Newspapers, 1872-1972.” PhD dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1995.

King, William L.  The Newspaper Press of Charleston, South Carolina.  Charleston: Lucas and Richardson, 1882.

Lauchlan, Angus.  “The Texas Liberal Press and the Image of White Texas Masculinity, 1938–63.”  Southwestern Historical Quarterly 110 (April 2007): 487–512.

Leich, Jean F. “A History of Newspapers in Lincoln Parish, 1873-1923.” North Louisiana Historical Association Journal8:2 (Winter 1977): 81-86.

McMullan, T. N.  Louisiana Newspapers, 1794-1961.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1965.

McMurtrie, Douglas C.  Early Printing in New Orleans, 1764-1810.  New Orleans: Searcy and Pfaff, 1929.

McMurtrie, Douglas C.  “Pioneer Printing in Georgia.”  Georgia Historical Quarterly 16:2 (1932): 77-113.

McNeely, Patricia.  Fighting Words: The History of the Media in South Carolina.  Columbia: South Carolina Press Association, 1998.

Makar, Scott D.  “Free Press in 1940s Florida: Pennekamp v. Florida.”  Journal of Supreme Court History 42:3 (November 2017): 295-313.

Margolies, Daniel S.  Henry Watterson and the New South: The Politics of Empire, Free Trade, and Globalization.  Knoxville: University Press of Kentucky, 2006.

Merriwether, James B., ed.  South Carolina Journals and Journalists.  Spartanburg: Southern Studies Program, University of South Carolina, 1975.

Mooney, Jack. Printers in Appalachia: The International Printing Pressmen and Assistant’s Union in North America, 1907-1967.  Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 1993.

NeCamp, Samantha. “The Hazel Green Herald and the ‘Idea of Appalachia.’” Journal of Appalachian Studies 17 (Spring–Fall 2011): 66–84.

Osthaus, Carl R. Partisans of the Southern Press: Editorial Spokesmen of the Nineteenth Century.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1994.

Parry, Janine A., and Dusty Higgins.  “Arkansas’s Cartoon Campaign Advertisements, 1942-1970.”  Arkansas Historical Quarterly 77:3 (Autumn 2018): 208-249.  Political ads

Risley, Ford. “The Savannah Morning News as a Penny Paper: Independent, but Hardly Neutral.” American Journalism16:4 (1999): 19-36.

Serafini, Sidonia.  “Up From the Soil: Agricultural Production, Racial Uplift, and Cultivating Citizenship in the Southern Workman.” American Periodicals 34:1 (2024): 1-21.

Simpson, Edgar. “Pressing the Press: W.E. Chilton’s Investigation of Newspaper Owners.” Journalism History 36:4 (Winter 2011): 196-206.   Charleston, West Virginia

Skates, John Ray.  “From Enchantment to Disillusionment: A Southern Editor Views the New Deal.”  Southern Quarterly 5 (1967): 363-380.

Stafford, Thomas.  Afflicting the Comfortable: Journalism and Politics in West Virginia.  Morgantown: University of West Virginia Press, 2005.

Stem, Thad, Jr.  Tar Heel Press.  Charlotte: Heritage Printers, 1973.

Stroupe, Henry S.  The Religious Press in the South Atlantic States, 1802-1865.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1956.

Teel, Leonard Ray. “W.A. Scott and the Atlanta World.” American Journalism 6, no. 3 (1989): 158–78.

Tobin, Sidney.  “The Early New Deal in Baton Rouge as Viewed by the Daily Press.”  Louisiana History 10 (1969): 307-337.

Underwood, James Lowell.  Deadly Censorship: Murder, Honor, and Freedom of the Press.  Charleston: University of South Carolina Press, 2013.

Wheeler, Joseph Towne.  The Maryland Press, 1777-1790.  Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1938.

Williams, King E.  The Press of Alabama: A History of the Alabama Press Association.  Birmingham: Alabama Press Association, 1997.

Woody, Robert H.  The Republican Press of South Carolina.  Charlottesville: Historical Publishing Co., 1936.

Zimmer, Roxanne M.  “The Urban Daily Press: Baltimore, 1797-1816.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 1982.

The “Frontier,” the Midwest, and the West 

Abbott, Carl.  Boosters and Businessmen: Popular Economic Thought and Urban Growth in the Antebellum Middle West. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Ahmad, Diana. “Virginia City’s Fledgling Police Force Takes on Journalists and Opium, 1870s–1880s.” Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 54 (nos. 1–4, 2011): 126–141.

Alinsky, Marvin.  “Arizona’s First Newspaper, The Weekly Arizonan, 1859.” New Mexico Historical Review 34 (April 1959): 134-143.

Allen, Charles L.  Country Journalism.  New York: Nelson, 1928.

Alter, J. Cecil.  Early Utah Journalism.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1970.  reprint of 1936 edition.

Armstrong, Robert D.  “‘Impenetrable Obscurity’: The Comptroller, the Secretary, and Territorial Printing.”  Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 99 (September 2005): 411–25.

Armstrong, Robert D. “‘I Scornfully Rejected the Terms’: Wyoming Territory’s Public Printing, 1870–74.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 101 (March 2007): 73–89.

Ashton Jr., Wendell.  Voice in the West: Biography of a Frontier Newspaper.  New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1950.   Deseret News of Salt Lake City, Utah

Berardi, Gayle K., and Thomas W. Segady. “The Development of African-American Newspapers in the American West: A Sociohistorical Perspective”. The Journal of Negro History. 75: 3/4 (1990): 96–111.

Barker, Eugene C.  “Notes on Early Texas Newspapers, 1819-1836.” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 21:2 (October 1917): 127-144.

Bennion, Sherlyn Cox. Equal to the Occasion: Women Editors of the Nineteenth Century West. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1990.

Berens, Charlyne, and Nancy Mitchell. “Parallel Tracks, Same Terminus: The Role of Nineteenth-Century Newspapers and Railroads in the Settlement of Nebraska.” Great Plains Quarterly 29 (Fall 2009): 287–300.

Bernhardt, Mark.  “The Selling of Sex, Sleaze, Scuttlebutt, and other Shocking Sensations: The Evolution of New Journalism in San Francisco, 1887-1900.” American Journalism 28:3 (Fall 2011): 111-142.

Black, Susan Easton.  “The Frontier Guardian.”  BYU Studies 49:1 (2010): 135-159.

Blumberg, Nathan B.  A Century of Montana Journalism.  Missoula: Mountain Press Co., 1971.

Boles, Frank. “Michigan Newspapers: A Two-Hundred-Year Review.” Michigan Historical Review 36 (Spring 2010): 31–69.

Brier, Warren J., and Nathan Blumberg.  A Century of Montana Journalism.  Missoula: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 1971.

Brinegar, David F.  “Arizona’s First Chain Journalists.”  Journal of Arizona History 24 (Spring 1983): 73-88.

Butler, James H.  “Indiana Newspapers, 1829-1860.”  Indiana Magazine of History 22 (September 1926): 297-333.

Cloud, Barbara. The Business of Newspapers on the Western Frontier. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1992.

Cloud, Barbara.  The Coming of the Frontier Press: How the West was Really Won.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2008.

Collins, Ross F.  “Cattle Barons and Ink Slingers: How Cow Country Journalists Created a Great American Myth.”  American Journalism 24:3 (Summer 2007): 7-29.

Connelley, William E.  History of Kansas Newspapers: A History of the Newspapers and Magazines Published in Kansas from the Organization of Kansas Territory, 1854, to January 1, 1916.  Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society, 1916.

Cottman, George S.  “The Early Newspapers of Indiana.”  Indiana Quarterly Magazine of History 2:3 (September 1906): 107-121.

Dagenais, Julie.  “Newspaper Language as an Active Agent in the Building of a Frontier Town.” American Speech 42-2 (May 1967): 114-121.

Dary, David.  Red Blood and Black Ink: Journalism in the Old West.  New York: Knopf, 1998.

Davidson, Levette Jay.  “O.J. Goldrick, Pioneer Journalist.” Colorado Magazine 8 (January 1936): 26-37.

Doll, Louis W.  A History of Newspapers of Ann Arbor, 1829-1920.  Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1958.

Eldredge, Michael S. “William Glasmann: Ogden’s Progressive Newspaperman and Politician.” Utah Historical Quarterly 81 (Fall 2013): 304–324.

Endres, Fred F.  “We Want Money and Must Have it: Profile of an Ohio Weekly, 1841-1847.”  Journalism History 7 (Summer 1980): 68-71.

Evans, James F.  “Clover Leaf: The Good Luck Chain, 1899-1973.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Autumn 1969): 482-491.  Midwest regional newspaper chain

Fowler, Giles. “Unsung Jazz: How Kansas City Papers Missed the Story.” Journalism History 22:2 (Summer 1996): 64-72.

Fridtjof Halaas, David.  Boom Town Newspapers: Journalism of the Rocky Mountain Mining Frontier, 1854-1881.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1981.

Friesen, Ruth.  “Newspapers Spread the News from Santa Fe and the Santa Fe Trail.”  Wagon Tracks 34:2 (February 2020): 13-21.

Fry, John J. “Good Farming-Clear Thinking-Right Living: Midwestern Farm Newspapers, Social Reform, and Rural Readers in the Early Twentieth Century.” Agricultural History 78:1 (Winter 2004): 34-49.

Fry, John J.  The Farm Press, Reform and Rural Change, 1895-1920.  New York: Routledge, 2005.

Garfrerick, Beth H.  “A History of Weekly Community Newspapers in the United States.” PhD dissertation, University of Alabama, 2009.

Garfrerick, Beth.  “Syndicates Attempt to Sway Public Opinion as a ‘Silent Partner’ of the Country Press, 1900-1950.” Journalism History 46:1 (2020): 16-31.

Garza, Melita M.  “Sword and Cross in San Antonio: Reviving the Spanish Conquest in Depression-Era News Coverage.”  Journalism History 39:4 (Winter 2014): 198-207.

Gilluly, Sam.  The Press Gang: A Century of Montana Newspapers, 1885-1985.  Helena: Montana Press Association, 1985.

Gragg, Larry Dale. “Protecting a City’s Image: The Death of Las Vegas Beat, 1961.” Studies in Popular Culture 34 (Fall 2011): 1–22.

Gribben, Brian. “Waving the Bloody Newsprint: Partisan Coverage of Populism in Ellis County, Kansas, 1891–1896.” Heritage of the Great Plains 44 (Summer 2011): 5–13.

Gurian, Jay.  “Sweetwater Journalism and Western Myth.” Annals of Wyoming 36 (April 1964): 79-88.

Gutgesell, Stephen, ed.  Guide to Ohio Newspapers, 1793-1973.  Columbus, 1974.

Hage, George S.  Newspapers on the Minnesota Frontier, 1849-1860.  St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1967.

Halaas, David F.  Boomtown Newspapers: Journalism on the Rocky Mountain Mining Frontier.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1981.

Hall, Martin H.  “The Mesilla Times, A Journal of Confederate Arizona.”  Arizona and the West 5 (Winter 1963): 337-351.

Hamilton, James F.  “Newspapers, Migration, and Small Town Culture.” Journalism History 14 (Spring 1987): 78-85.

Hartley, Robert E. “The East St. Louis Journal and Its Soldiers in the War on Crime, 1945–1965.” Journal of Illinois History 13 (Autumn 2010): 166–188.

Hedges, Andrew H.  “News from Salt Lake, 1847-1849.”  Utah Historical Quarterly 84:3 (Summer 2016): 216-235.

Heuterman, Thomas H.  “Assessing the ‘Press on Wheels:’ Individualism in Frontier Journalism.”  Journalism Quarterly 53 (Autumn 1976): 423-428.

Highton, Jake.  Nevada Newspaper Days: A History of Journalism in the Silver State.  Tracy, CA: Heritage West Books, 1990.

Homsher, Lola.  A Guide to Wyoming Newspapers, 1867-1967.  Cheyenne: Wyoming State Library, 1971.

Hooper, Osman C.  The History of Ohio Journalism, 1793-1933.  New York: Macmillan, 1924.

Houseman, Robert L.  “Early Montana Territorial Journalism as a Reflection of the Frontier in the New Northwest.” PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1934.

Houseman, Robert L.  “The Frontier Journals of Western Montana.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 29 (July 1938): 269-275.

Huefner, Michael S., and Shauna Anderson Young. “Joseph E. Johnson: Author of Frontier News, Promotion, and Progress.” Great Plains Quarterly 33 (Summer 2013): 141–159.

Hufford, Kenneth.  The Arizona Gazette, a Forgotten Voice in Arizona Journalism.” Journal of Arizona History 7 (Winter 1966): 182-187.

Hufford, Kenneth.  “P.W. Dooner: Pioneer Editor in Tucson.” Arizona and the West 10 (Spring 1968): 25-42.

Huntzicker, William E.  “Historians and the American Frontier Press.” American Journalism 5 (1988): 28-47.

Johnson, Michael K.  Hoo-Doo Cowboys and Bronze Buckaroos: Conceptions of the African-American West.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2014.

Karolovitz, Robert F.  Newspapering in the Old West.  New York: Bonanza Books, 1965.

Karolovitz, Robert F.  With a Shirt Tail Full of Type: The Story of Newspaper in South Dakota.  Brookings: South Dakota Press Association, 1982.

Katz, William A.  “The Western Printer and His Publications, 1850-1890.”  Journalism Quarterly 44 (Winter 1967): 708-714.

Keen, Elizabeth.  ” Wyoming Frontier Newspapers.”  Annals of Wyoming 33 (October 1961): 133-158.

Keen, Elizabeth.  “Wyoming Frontier Newspapers: The Newspapermen.”  Annals of Wyoming 34 (April 1962): 61-84.

Kerstetter, Todd.  “Mobocratic Feeling”: Religious Outsiders, the Popular Press, and the American West.”  American Journalism 20:1 (Winter 2003): 57-72.

Kilmer, Paulette D.  “Madstones, Clever Toads, and Killer Tarantulas: Fairy-Tail Briefs in Wild West Newspapers.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 78:4 (2001): 816-835.

Kingenfelter, Richard E., and Karen Rix Gash.  The Newspapers of Nevada: A History and Bibliography, 1854-1979.  Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1984.

Kinley, Kylie. “Growing Up on the Farm: Nebraska Farm Youth Pages, 1904–1965.” Nebraska History 90 (Winter 2009): 170–179. 

Kirk, Andrew Taylor.  “Dens of Hell in the Cities of Zion: Newspaper Coverage of Opium Abuse in Territorial Utah, 1869-96.” Journalism History 35:4 (Winter 2010): 229-237.

Knight, Oliver.  “The Owyhee Avalanche: The Frontier Newspaper as Catalyst in Social Change.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 58 (April 1967): 74-81.

Kokeny, Andrea.  “The Construction of Anglo-American Identity in the Republic of Texas, as Reflected in the Telegraph and Texas Register.”  Journal of the Southwest 46:2 (Summer 2004): 282-308.

Lent, John A.  “The Press on Wheels: A History of the Frontier Index.” Journal of the West 10 (1971): 662-699.

Lingenfelter, Richard E., and Karen Rix Gash.  The Newspapers of Nevada: A History and Bibliography.  Salt Lake City: University of Nevada Press, 1984.

Lorenz, Alfred Lawrence.  “Out of Sorts and Out of Cash:’  Problems of Publishing in Wisconsin Territory, 1833-1848.”  Journalism History 3 (Summer 1976): 34-39, 63.

Lutrell, Estelle.  Newspapers and Periodicals of Arizona, 1859-1911.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1950.

Lynn, William H.  The Pioneer Editor in Missouri.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1965.

Lyon, William H.  “The Significance of Newspapers on the American Frontier.”  Journal of the West (1980): 3-13.

Lyon, William H.  Those Old Yellow Dog Days: Frontier Journalism in Arizona 1859-1912.  Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1994.

McEnteer, James.  Fighting Words: Independent Journalists in Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

McLaws, Monte B.  Spokesman for the Kingdom: Early Mormon Journalism and Desert News, 1830-1898.  Provo: Brigham Young University Press, 1977.

McMurtrie, Douglas C. “The History of Early Printing in New Mexico, with a Bibliography of Known Issues, 1834-1860.” New Mexico Historical Review 4 (October 1929): 372-410.

McMurtrie, Douglas C., and Albert H. Allen.  Early Printing in Colorado.  Denver: Hirschfield Press, 1935.

McMurtrie, Douglas C. “The Public Printing of the First Territorial Legislature of Colorado.” Colorado Magazine 13 (March 1936): 72-78.

McNay, John T.  “Breaking the Copper Collars: Press Freedom, Professionalism, and the History of Montana Journalism.”  American Journalism 25:1 (winter 2008): 99-123.

McWilliams, James.  Mark Twain in the St. Louis Post Dispatch, 1874-1891.  Albany: Winston Publishing Co., 1997.

Mahoney, Timothy R.  “The Rise and Fall of the Booster Ethos in Dubuque, 1850-1861.”  Annals of Iowa 61 (Fall 2002): 371-419.

Marshall, Lawrence W.  “Early Denver History as Told by Contemporary Newspaper Advertisements.” Colorado Magazine 8 (September 1931): 161-173.

Meyers, John M.  Print in a Wild Land.  Garden City: Doubleday, 1967.   

Miles, George.  “The Press in the West: A Roundup of Recent Work.”  Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 99 (September 2005): 445–58.

Miner, Craig.  “Editor Clumer Buys a Press.” Kansas History 30 (Summer 2007): 92–111.

Moehring, Eugene P.  “Promoting the Varied Interests of the New and Rising Community: The Booster Press on Nevada’s Mining Frontier, 1859-1885.”  Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 42 (Summer 1999): 91-118.

Mueller, James E.  Shooting Arrows and Slinging Mud: Custer, the Press, and the Little Bighorn.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2013.

Myers, Rex.  “Montana Editors and the Custer Battle.” Montana: A Magazine of Western History 26 (April 1976): 18-31.

Nichols, Roger L.  “Printers’ Ink and Red Skins: Western Newspapermen and the Indians.”  Kansas Quarterly 3 (Fall 1971): 82-88.

Norris, Wendell W.  “The Transient Frontier Weekly as a Stimulant to Homesteading.” Journalism Quarterly 30 (Winter 1953): 44-48.

Norton, Wesley.  Religious Newspapers of the Old Northwest to 1861.  Athens: Ohio University Press, 1977.

Oehlerts, Donald E., Comp.  A Guide to Colorado Newspapers, 1859-1963.  Denver: Bibliographical Center For Research, 1964.

Oehlerts, Donald E.  Guide to Wisconsin Newspapers: 1833-2000.  Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, 2002.

Perkin, Robert L.  The First Hundred Years: An Informal History of Denver and the Rocky Mountain News. New York: Doubleday, 1959.

Pfeiffer, Benjamin. “The Role of Joseph E. Jonson and His Pioneer Newspapers in the Development of Territorial Nebraska.” Nebraska History 40 (June 1979): 119-136.

Piburn, Patti.  “Discovering the Arizona Republican Newspaper, 1890-1900: Yellow Journalism in America’s Territorial Press.”  American Journalism 41:2 (2024): 207-230.

Purcell, George W. “A Survey of Early Newspapers in the Middle Western States.” Indiana Magazine of History 20:4 (December 1924): 347-363.

Reed, V. Delbert.  “A Last Hurrah for the Frontier Press.” American Journalism 6 (1989): 65-85.

Reilly, Hugh J. Native American: Yesterday and Today: The Frontier Newspapers and the Convergence of the Plains Indian Wars. (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010)

Russell, F.A.  “The Newspaper and Periodical Publishing Industry in Illinois from 1880-1915.”  PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, 1916.

Russo, David J. “The Origins of Local News in the U.S. Country Press, 1840s-1870s.” Journalism Monographs, no. 65 (Feb. 1980).

Savage, William W.  “Newspapers and Local History: A Critique of Robert R. Dykstra’s The Cattle Towns.” Journal of the West 10 (July 1971): 572-577.

Scharlott, Bradford W.  “The Influence of the Telegraph on Wisconsin Newspaper Growth.”  Journalism Quarterly 66 (Autumn 1989): 710-715.

Schmitt, Jo Ann.  Fighting Editors: The Story of Editors Who Faced Six-shooters with Pens and Won.  San Antonio: The Nagler Co., 1958.

Scott, Frank W.  Newspapers and Periodicals of Illinois, 1814-1879.  Springfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1910.

Seigel, Peggy.  “A ‘Fearless Editor’ in a Changing World: Fort Wayne’s Jesse Greene.”  Indiana Magazine of History 113:4 (December 2017): 309-340.

Shulman, Stuart W. “The Progressive Era Farm Press: A Primer on a Neglected Source of Journalism History.” Journalism History 25:1 (Spring 1999): 26-35.

Sibley, Marilyn M.  Lone Stars and State Gazettes: Texas Newspapers Before the Civil War.  College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1983.

Sim, John C.  The Grass Roots Press: America’s Community Press.  Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1969.

Simpson, Lee M. A., ed.  “Boosterism in the West.”  Journal of the West 42 (Fall 2003).  Special Issue

Sloan, Wm. David. “The Frontier Press, 1800-1900: Personal Journalism or Paltry Business?” in Perspectives in Mass Communication History.  Hillsdale, NJ, 1991.

Stratton, Porter A.  The Territorial Press of New Mexico, 1834-1912.  Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1969.

Swibold, Dennis.  “Anaconda Sheds Its Press: The Story behind the Company’s Decision to Sell Its Newspapers.”  Montana 56 (Summer 2006): 2–15.

Swibold, Dennis L.  Copper Chorus: Mining, Politics, and the Montana Press, 1889-1959.  Helena: Montana Historical Society Press, 2006.

Thornton, Vic.  “Tucson’s Pioneer Newspaper.” Arizona Highways 20 (January 1944): 37-40.

Tórrez, Robert J., ed.  New Mexico in 1876-1877: A Newspaperman’s View; The Travels and Reports of William D. Dawson. Los Ranchos de Albuquerque: Rio Grande Books, 2007.

Towne, Jackson E.  “Some Suggestive Characteristics of Early Western Journalism.” Arizona and the West 1 (Winter 1959): 352-357.

Towne, Jackson E.  “Printing in New Mexico Beyond Santa Fe and Taos, 1848-1875.” New Mexico Historical Review 35 (April 1960): 109-117.

Tracy, James F.  “From Blueprint to Reality: The Dubuque Leader‘s Transformation under Cooperative Ownership.”  American Journalism 19 (Fall 2002): 95-119.

Turner, Wallace R.  “Frank Hall: Colorado Journalist, Public Servant, and Historian.” Colorado Magazine 53 (Fall 1976): 328-351.

Underhill, Lonnie E.  “The Autobiography of a Frontier Newspaper.”  Journal of Arizona History 56:2 (Summer 2015): 111-144.  Weekly Epitaph of Tombstone, AZ

Underhill, Lonnie E.  “Thomas Gardiner: Pioneer Journalist.”  Journal of the West 56:4 (Fall 2017): 97-107.   Arizona Quarterly Illustrated

Vergobbi, David J.  “Oh, That Proper Mix: Selective Boosterism on the North Idaho Mining Frontier Society.” American Journalism 14:3-4 (1997): 475-94. 

Von Ende Lappin, Zoe.  “Pete Savage and the Iron River Pioneer.”  Wisconsin Magazine of History 101:1 (Autumn 2017): 4-13.

Wagner, Henry R.  “The New Mexico Spanish Press.” New Mexico Historical Review 12: January 1937): 1-40.

Ward, Ken J.  Last Paper Standing: A Century of Competition Between the Denver Post and the Rocky Mountain News.  Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2023.

Watson, Elmo Scott.  “The Indian Wars and the Press, 1866-1867.” Journalism Quarterly 17 (December 1940): 301-312.

Wells, Jeff.  “J.N. Rogers, the Jacksboro Rural Citizen, and the Roots of Farmers’ Alliance Journalism in Texas, 1881-1886.”  Southwestern Historical Quarterly 121:1 (July 2017): 29-56.

Willard, James F.  “Spreading the News of the Early Discoveries of Gold in Colorado.” Colorado Magazine 6 (May 1929): 98-104.

Wirth, Eileen.  From Society Page to Front Page: Nebraska Women in Journalism.  Lincoln: Bison Books, 2013.

Zimmerman, Richard Z.  Plain Dealing: Ohio Politics and Journalism.  Kent: Kent State University Press, 2006. 

Pacific Coast

Baldasty, Gerald J.  Vigilante Newspapers: A Tale of Sex, Religion, and Murder in the Northwest.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2005.

Becker, Jules.  “The Course of Exclusion, 1882-1924: San Francisco Newspaper Coverage of the Chinese and Japanese in the United States.” PhD dissertation, University of California- Berkeley, 1986.

Belknap, George N.  “Oregon Sentinel Extras, 1858-1864.”  Pacific Northwest Quarterly 70 (October 1979): 178-

Brier, Warren J.  “A History of Newspapers in the Pacific Northwest, 1846-1896.”  PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 1967.

Bruce, John R.  Gaudy Century: The Story of San Francisco’s Hundred Years of Robust Journalism.  New York: Random House, 1943.

Carey, Arthur C.  “Effects of the Pony Express and the Transcontinental Telegraph Upon Selected California Newspapers.” Journalism Quarterly 51 (Summer 1974): 320-323.

Carter, John Benton.  “Before the Telegraph: The News Service of the San Francisco Bulletin, 1855-1861.”  Pacific Historical Review 11 (September 1942): 301-317.

Chandler, Robert J.  “The California News-Telegraph Monopoly 1860-1870.”  Southern California Quarterly 58 (Winter 1976): 459-484.

Chapin, Helen Geracimos.  “From Makaweki to Kohala: The Plantation Newspapers of Hawaii.”  Hawaiian Journal of History 23 (1989): 170-195.

Chapin, Helen Geracimos.  Shaping History: The Role of Newspapers in Hawaii.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996.

Chiu, Herman B. “Power of the Press: How Newspapers in Four Communities Erased Thousands of Chinese From Oregon History.” American Journalism 16:1 (1999): 59-77.

Corr, O. Casey.  King: The Bullitts of Seattle and Their Communications Empire. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996.

Cronin Lamonica, Mary. “Fighting for the Farmers: The Pacific Northwest’s Nonpartisan League Newspapers.”  Journalism History 23:3 (Summer 1997): 126-136.

Ethington, Philip J.  The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. (Chapter on newspaper press)

Firebaugh, Dorothy Gile.  “The Sacramento Union: Voice of California, 1851-1875.”  Journalism Quarterly 30 (Summer 1953): 321-330.

Gottlieb, Robert, and Irene Wolt.  Thinking Big: The Story of the Los Angeles Times, Its Publishers, and Their Influence on Southern California.  New York: Putnam, 1977. 

Hall, Mark W.  “The San Francisco Chronicle: Its Fight for the 1879 Constitution.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Autumn 1969): 505-510.

Hall, Mark W.  “Journalism in California: The Pioneer Period, 1831-1849.”  Journal of the West 10 (October 1971): 624-636.

Hall, Mark W.  “1831-49: The Pioneer Period for Newspapers in California.”  Journalism Quarterly 49 (Winter 1972): 648-655.

Jacoby, Alfred.  “A Faithful Mirror: The Founding of the San Diego Union.”  Journal of San Diego History 64:1 (Winter 2018): 45-68.

Jolly, Michelle E.  “The Price of Vigilance: Gender, Politics, and the Press in Early San Francisco.”  Pacific Historical Review 73 (November 2004): 541-579.

Kemble, Edward C.  A History of California Newspapers 1846-1858.  Los Gatos: Talisman Press, 1962.

McKay, Floyd J.  Reporting the Pacific Northwest: An Annotated Bibliography of Journalism History in Oregon and Washington.  Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 2004.

McKay, Floyd J.  An Editor for Oregon: Charles A. Sprague and the Politics of Change. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1998.

Meany, Edmond S.  Newspapers of the Washington Territory.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1923.

Norton McCorkle, Julia.  “A History of Los Angeles Journalism.”  Annual Publication of the Historical Society of Southern California 10: 1/2 (1915-1916): 24-43.

Ponder, Stephen E.  “Conservation, Community Economics, and Newspapering: The Seattle Press and the Forest Reserves Controversy of 1897.” American Journalism 3:1 (1986): 50-60.

Pratte, Alf.  “Ke Alaka’i: The Leadership Role of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin in the Hawaiian Statehood Movement.” American Journalism 2:1 (1985): 65-78.

Read, Simon.  War of Words: A True Tale of Newsprint and Murder.  New York: Union Square Press, 2009.  (SF Chronicle)

Rutenbeck, Jeffrey B. “The Rhetoric of Independence and Boosterism in Late Nineteenth-Century California Journalism.” American Journalism 13:4 (1996): 456-474.

Simpson, Roger. “Seattle Newsboys.” Journalism History 18 (January 1992): 18-25.

Splitter, Henry W.  “Newspapers of Los Angeles: The First Fifty Years, 1851-1900.”  Journal of the West 2 (October 1963): 435-458.

Stein, Harry H.  “Printers and Press Operators: The Oregonian Remembered.”  Oregon Historical Quarterly 115:2 (Summer 2014): 208-223.

Stevens, Errol Wayne. “Two Radicals and Their Los Angeles: Harrison Gray Otis and Job Harriman.” California History 86: 3 (2009): 44–64.

Turnbull, George S.  A History of Oregon Newspapers.  Portland: Binfords and Mort, 1936.

Wagner, Rob L.  Red Ink, White Lies: The Rise and Fall of Los Angeles Newspapers, 1920-1962. Upland, CA: Dragonfly Press, 2000.

Young, John P.  Journalism in California.  San Francisco: Chronicle Publishing, 1915.

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