Prints, Posters, Illustrations, Editorial Cartoons, and Comics

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Abate, Michelle Ann.  Funny Girls: Guffaws, Guts, and Gender in Classic American Comics.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2018.

Abel, Robert H., and David Manning White, eds.  The Funnies: An American Idiom.  New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963.

Adelson, Fred B.  “Art Under Cover: American Gift-Book Illustrations.”  Antiques 126 (March 1984): 646-653.

Adin, Mariah.  The Brooklyn Thrill-Kill Gang and the Great Comic Book Scare of the 1950s.  Westport, CT: Praeger, 2015.

Allen, Douglas.  Frederic Remington and the Spanish American War.  New York: Crown Publishing, 1971.

Amana, Harry.  “The Art of Propaganda: Charles Alston’s World War II Editorial Cartoons for the Office of War Information and the Black Press.”  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 79-111.

Anderson, Patricia.  The Printed Image and the Transformation of Popular Culture.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Appel, John J.  “Jews in American Caricature, 1820-1914.”  American Jewish History 71:1 (September 1981): 103-133.

Appleford, Simon James.  “Offensive Weapons: Herblock and the Visual Rhetoric of Postwar Liberalism.” PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2014.

Arffman, Paivi. “Comics from the Underground: Publishing Revolutionary Comic Books in the 1960s and Early 1970s.” Journal of Popular Culture 52:1 (2019): 169-198.

Armitage, Shelley.  John Held, Jr.: Illustrator of the Jazz Age.  Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

Arnold, Edmund C.  Ink on Paper: A Handbook of the Graphic Arts.  New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Baker, Courtney.  Humane Insight: Looking at Images of African American Suffering and Death.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2015.

Baker, Nicholson, and Margaret Brentano, eds.  The World on Sunday: Graphic Art from Joseph Pulitzer’s Newspaper, 1898-1911.  New York: Bullfinch Press, 2011.

Barnhill, Georgia B.  “Business Practices of Commercial Nineteenth-Century American Lithographers.” Winterthur Portfolio 48 (Summer–Autumn 2014): 213–232.

Barrier, Michael.  Funnybooks: The Improbable Glories of the Best American Comic Books.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015.

Beaty, Bart.  Twelve-Cent Archie.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2015.

Becker, Stephen.  The Comic Art in America.  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959.

Benbow, Mark.  “Wilson’s Cartoonist: Charles R. Macauley and the 1912 Election.” Journalism History 37:4 (Winter 2012): 218-227.

Benson, Thomas W.  Posters for Peace: Visual Rhetoric and Civic Action.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.

Benton, Mike.  The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History.  Dallas, Taylor, 1989.

Beringer, Alex.  Lost Literacies: Experiments in the Nineteenth-Century US Comic Strip.  Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2024.

Bernhardt, Mark Alan.  “Picturing the News: The Spectacle of Gender and Politics in the Pictorial Journalism of Crime and War, 1836–1935.”  PhD dissertation, University of California- Riverside, 2006. 

Best, James J.  American Popular Illustration: A Reference Guide.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1984.

Blackbeard, Bill, and Martin Williams, eds.  The Smithsonian Collection of American Newspaper Comics.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press and Harry N. Abrams, 1977.

Blackbeard, Bill.  R.F. Outcault’s The Yellow Kid.  Northampton, Mass.:  Kitchensink Press, 1996.

Brandenburg, Hazel Crews. “The Evolution of a Cultural Icon: Currier & Ives and Twentieth-Century American Culture.”  PhD dissertation, George Mason University, 2007.

Brekke-Aloise, Linzy.  “A Very Pretty Business: Fashion and Consumer Culture in Antebellum American Prints.” Winterthur Portfolio 48: 2-3 (2014): 191-212.

Brentano, Margaret, and Nicholson Baker.  The World on Sunday: Graphic Arts in Joseph Pulitzer’s Newspaper, 1898-1911.  New York: Bulfinch, 2005.

Brislin, Tom. “Extra! The Comic Book Journalist Survives the Censors of 1955.” Journalism History 21:3 (Autumn 1995): 123-131.

Brod, Harry.  Superman Is Jewish? How Comic Book Superheroes Came to Serve Truth, Justice, and the Jewish-American Way. New York: Free Press, 2012.

Brown, Joshua.  “Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper: The Pictorial Press and the Representation of America, 1855-1889.” Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1993.

Brown, Joshua.  Beyond the Lines: Pictorial Reporting, Everyday Life and the Crisis of Gilded Age America.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Brown, Joshua.  “The Social and Sensational News of the Day:  Frank Leslie, the Day’s Doings, and Scandalous Pictorial News in Gilded Age New York.”  New York Journal of American History 66 (Fall 2003): 10-20.

Brown, Michael.  “The Popular Art of American Magazine Illustration, 1885-1917.” Journalism History 24:3 (Autumn 1998): 94-103. 

Brown, Michael. “Discriminating Photographs From Hand Drawn Illustrations in Popular Magazine, 1895-1904.” American Journalism 17:3 (2000): 15-30.    

Brückner, Martin. “The Lithographed Map in Philadelphia: Innovation, Imitation, and Antebellum Consumer Culture.” Winterthur Portfolio 48 (Summer–Autumn 2014): 139–162.

Brunner, Edward.  “Red Funnies: The New York Daily Worker’s ‘Popular Front’ Comics, 1936-1945.  American Periodicals 17:2 (2007): 184-207.

Buhle, Paul, ed.  Jews and American Comics: An Illustrated History of an American Art Form.  New York: New Press, 2008. 

Bunker, Gary L.  “Antebellum Caricature and Women’s Sphere.”  Journal of Women’s History 3 (Winter 1992): 6-43.

Burke, Chloe Serene. “Germs, Genes, and Dissent: Representing Radicalism as Disease in American Political Cartooning, 1877-­1919.” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 2004.

Campbell, Mary, and Gordon Campbell.  The Pen, not the Sword.  Nashville: Aurora Publishing, 1971.

Carl, Leroy M.  “Political Cartoons: Ink Blots of the Editorial Page.”  Journal of Popular Culture 4:1 (Summer 1970): 39-45.

Carlin,  John, Paul Karasik, and Brian Walker, eds.  Masters of American Comics.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

Casswell, Lucy Shelton.  “Edwina Dumm: Pioneer woman Editorial Cartoonist, 1915-1917.”  Journalism History 15:1 (Spring 1988): 2-7.

Casswell, Lucy Shelton.  “Drawing Swords: War in American Editorial Cartoons.”  American Journalism 21: 2 (Spring 2004): 13-45.

Chase, John.  Today’s Cartoon.  New Orleans: Hauser Press, 1962.

Cohen, Kenneth. “‘Sport for Grown Children’: American Political Cartoons, 1790–1850.” International Journal of the History of Sport 28: 8/9 (2011): 1301–1318.

Cohen, Michael. “Cartooning Capitalism: Radical Cartooning and the Making of American Popular Radicalism in the Early Twentieth Century.” International Review of Social History 52 (2007): 35-58.

Cohen, Michael. “Imagining Militarism: Art Young and The Masses Face the Enemy.” Radical History Review 106 (Winter 2010): 87–108.

Cohn, Jan.  Covers of the Saturday Evening Post: Seventy Years of Outstanding Illustration from America’s Favorite Magazine.  New York: Viking, 2005.

Cole, Jean Lee. “Laughing Sam and Krazy Kats: The Black Comic Sensibility.” Canadian Review of American Studies47:3 2017): 373-402.

Condis, M., and M. Stanfill.  “Debating With Wertham’s Ghost: Comic Books, Culture Wars, and Populist Moral Panics.” Cultural Studies 36:6 (2022): 953-980.

Costello, Matthew J.   Secret Identity Crisis: Comic Books and the Unmasking of Cold War America. New York: Continuum, 2009.

Courperie, Pierre, and Maurice C. Horn.  A History of the Comic Strip. New York: Crown, 1968. 

Cutter, Martha J.  The Illustrated Slave: Empathy, Graphic Narrative, and the Visual Culture of the Transatlantic Abolition Movement, 1800-1852.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2017.

Dauber, Jeremy.  American Comics: A History.  New York: W.W. Norton, 2021.

Davis, Blair.  “All-Negro Comics and the Birth of Lion Man, the First African American Superhero.” Inks: The Journal of the Comics Studies Society 3:3 (Fall 2019): 273-297.

Davison, Nancy Reynolds.  “E.W. Clay: American Political Caricaturist of the Jacksonian Era.”  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1980.

Deans Halloran, Fiona.  Thomas Nast: The Father of Modern Political Cartoons.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018.

DeForrest, Tim.  Storytelling in the Pulps, Comics, and Radio:  How Technology Changed Popular Fiction in America.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2004.

DePastino, Todd.  Drawing Fire: The Editorial Cartoons of Bill Mauldin.  Chicago: Pritzker Library, 2020.

Dewey, Donald.  The Art of Ill Will: The Story of American Political Cartoons.  New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Dennis, Everette E., and Christopher Allen.  “Puck: The Comic Weekly.”  Journalism History 6:1 (Spring 1979): 2-7, 13.

Diffley, Kathleen.  “Home on the Range: Turner, Slavery, and the Landscape Illustrations in Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, 1861-1876.”  Prospects 14 (October 1989): 175-202.

Dobson, Nichola.  Historical Dictionary of Animation and Cartoons.  2ed.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2021.

Downey, Fairfax.  Portrait of an Era as Drawn by C.D. Gibson.  New York: Scribner’s, 1936.

Doyle, Dennis.  “We Didn’t Know You Were a Negro: Fredric Wertham and the Ironies of Race, Comic Books, and Juvenile Delinquency in the 1950s.” Journal of Social History 52:1 (Fall 2018): 153-179.

Duncan, Randy, and Matthew J. Smith.  The Power of Comics: History, Form and Culture.  New York: Continuum, 2009.

Elbert, Monika M.  “Striking a Historical Pose: Antebellum Tableaux Vivants, Godey’s Illustrations, and Margaret Fuller’s Heroines.” New England Quarterly 75:2 (2002): 235-275.

Emlen, Robert P.  “Picturing the Shakers in the Popular Illustrated Press: Daily Life at Mount Lebanon in the Winter of 1869-70.” Winterthur Portfolio 50:4 (Winter 2016): 249-287.

Fischer, Roger A.  Those Damned Pictures: Explorations on American Political Cartoon Art.  North Haven, Conn.: Archon Books, 1996.

Fisher, Edwin, Mort Gerberg, and Ron Wolin.  The Art of Cartooning: Seventy-five Years of American Magazine Cartoons.  New York: Scribner’s, 1972.

Finch, Christopher.  Norman Rockwell: 322 Magazine Covers.  New York: Abbeville, 1979.

Fitzgerald, Richard.  Art and Politics: Cartoonists of the Masses and Liberator.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Franzen, Monica.  Make Way!  200 Years of American Women in Cartoons.  Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 1987.

Gambee, Budd Leslie.  “Frank Leslie and His Illustrated Newspaper, 1855-1860.”  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1963.

Gamson, William A., and David Stuart.  “Media Discourse as a Symbolic Contest: The Bomb in Political Cartoons.”  Sociological Forum 7:1 (March 1992): 55-86.

Gentner, Robert.  “With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility’: Cold War Culture and the Birth of Marvel Comics.”  Journal of Popular Culture 40:6 (December 2007): 953-978.

Golden, Catherine.  Reading Between the Lines: Victorian Art and Illustration.  Saratoga Springs: Skidmore College, 1996.

Goldstein, Kalman.  “Al Capp and Walt Kelly: Pioneers of Political and Social Satire in Comics.”  Journal of Popular Culture 25 (Spring 1992): 81-95.

Goldstein, Nancy.  Jackie Ormes: The First African American Woman Cartoonist.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2019.  

Gonzalez, Ashton.  Visualizing Equality: African American Rights and Visual Culture in the Nineteenth Century.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2020.  

Goodnow, Trischa, and James J. Kimble, eds.  The 10 Cent War: Comic Books, Propaganda, and World War II.  Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2016.

Gordon, Adam.  Prophets, Publicists, and Parasites: Antebellum Print Culture and the Rise of the Critic.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2020.

Gordon, Ian.  Comic Strips and Consumer Culture, 1890-1945.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Greenhill, Jennifer A. “How to Make it as a Mainstream Magazine Illustrator, or J.C. Leyendecker and Norman Rockwell go to War.” Winterthur Portfolio 52: 4 (2018): 209-252.

Grunzke, Andrew. “Graphic Seduction: Anti-Homosexual Censorship of Comics in the Postwar Era.” Journal of American Culture 44:4 (December 2021): 300-317.

Grushkin, Paul D. The Art of Rock: Posters from Presley to Punk. New York: Abbeville Press, 1987.

Hales, Peter Bacon.  “Illustrating Culture: Consensus and Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century American Picture Press.” Reviews in American History 32:2 (2004): 204-213.

Hall, Justin, ed. No Straight Lines: Four Decades of Queer Comics. Seattle: Fantagraphics Books, 2013.

Hall, Richard A. “The Captain America Conundrum: Issues of Patriotism, Race, and Gender in Captain America Comic Books, 1941–2001.”  PhD dissertation, Auburn University, 2011.

Halloran, Fiona Deans. “The Power of the Pencil: Thomas Nast and American Political Art”  PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2005.

Halloran, Fiona Deans.  Thomas Nast: The Father of Modern Political Cartoons.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Hamilton, Sinclair.  Early American Book Illustrators and Wood Engravers, 1670-1870.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Hansen, Bert. “The Image and Advocacy of Public Health in American Caricature and Cartoons from 1860 to 1900.” American Journal of Public Health 87:11 (1997): 1798-1807.

Hansen, Bert. “Medical History for the Masses: How American Comic Books Celebrated the Heroes of Medicine in the 1940s.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 78:1 (Spring 2004): 148-191.

Hardy, Charles, and Gail F. Stern, eds.  Ethnic Images in the Comics.  Philadelphia: Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, 1986. 

Harvey, Robert C.  The Art of the Funnies: An Aesthetic History.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.

Harvey, Robert C.  Children of the Yellow Kid: The Evolution of the American Comic Strip.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

Hatfield, Charles.  Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.   

Hatfield, Charles, and Bart Beaty, eds.  Comics Studies: A Guidebook.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2020.

Havig, Alan.  “Richard F. Outcault’s ‘Poor Lil Mose:’ Variations on the Black Stereotype in American Comic Art.”  Journal of American Culture 11:1 (Spring 1988): 33-41.

Helfgott, Isadora.  “Art in Life: Fashioning Political Ideology Through Visual Culture in Mid-Century America.” American Periodicals 20:2 (2010): 269-294.

Herbert, A.P.  The Best Cartoons from “Punch.”  New York: Simon and Schuster, 1952.

Hess, Stephen, and Milton Kaplan.  The Ungentlemanly Art: A History of American Political Cartoons.  New York: Macmillan, 1968. 

Hess, Stephen, and Sandy Northrop.  Drawn and Quartered: The History of American Political Cartoons.  Montgomery, Ala.: Elliott & Clark Pub.,1996.

Hess, Stephen, and Sandy Northrop.  American Political Cartoons: The Evolution of a National Identity.  New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2011.

Heyman, Therese. Posters American Style. Washington D.C.: National Museum of American Art, 1998.

Hind, Arthur M.  An Introduction to the History of the Woodcut.  New York: Dover, 1963.

Hirsch, Paul S.  Pulp Empire: The Secret History of Comic Book Imperialism.  Chicago: Univeristy of Chicago Press, 2021.

Horgan, Stephen H.  “The Evolution of Daily Newspaper Illustrating.”  Graphic Arts and Crafts Yearbook (1906): 223-235.

Holterhoff, Kate. “Illustrating White Cannibals in Harper’s Weekly: Adventure Fiction and Pictorial Journalism.” American Periodicals 31:2 (Fall 2021): 134-154.

Holtz, Allan.  American Newspaper Comics: An Encyclopedic Reference Guide.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012.

Huff, P.J., and J.G. Lewin.  Lines of Contention: Political Cartoons of the Civil War.  Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2007.

Huntzicker, William E.  “Picturing the News: Frank Leslie and the Origins of American Pictorial Journalism.” in The Press and the Civil War, David B. Sachsman, et al, eds.  New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2000.

Inge, M. Thomas.  Comics as Culture.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1990.

Inge, M. Thomas. “Li’l Abner, Snuffy, Pogo, and Friends: The South in the American Comic Strip.” Southern Quarterly 48 (Winter 2011): 6–74.

Jeansonne, Glen.  “Goldbugs, Silverites, and Satirists: Caricature and Humor in the Presidential Election of 1896.” Journal of American Culture 11:2 (Summer 1988): 1-8.

Jeter, Marvin D., and Mark Cervenka.  “H. J. Lewis, Free Man and Freeman Artist: The First African American Political Cartoonist.” Common-Place 7 (April 2007), 

Johnson, Haynes, and Harry L. Katz, eds. Herblock: The Life and Work of the Great Political Cartoonist. New York: Norton, 2009.

Johnston, Patricia, ed.  Seeing High & Low: Representing Social Conflict in American Visual Culture.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006. 

Jones, Gerard.  Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book.  New York: Basic Books, 2004.

Justice, Benjamin. “Thomas Nast and the Public Schools of the 1870s.” History of Education Quarterly 45 (Summer 2005): 171­206.

Kahan, Robert S.  “The Antecedents of American Photojournalism.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1969. 

Keller, Morton.  The Art and Politics of Thomas Nast.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Kidman, Shawna.  “Self-Regulation Through Distribution: Censorship and the Comic Book Industry in 1954.”  The Velvet Light Trap 75 (Spring 2015): 21-37.

Kidman, Shawna.  Comic Books Incorporated: How the Business of Comics Became the Business of Hollywood. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2020.

Kies, Emily B.  “The City and the Machine: Urban and Industrial Illustration in America, 1880-1900.”  PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1971.

Kinsey, Joni L.  Thomas Moran’s West: Chromolithography, High Art, and Popular Taste.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006. 

Kiste Nyberg, Amy.  Seal of Approval: The History of the Comics Code.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998.

Kitchen, Denis, and James Danky.  Underground Classics: The Transformation of Comics into Comix. Madison, WI: Harry N. Adams and the Chazen Museum of Art, 2009.

Kripal, Jeffrey J. Mutants and Mystics: Science Fiction, Superhero Comics, and the Paranormal.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Kunka, Andrew J.  The Life and Comics of Howard Cruse: Taking Risks in the Service of Truth.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2021.

Kuhn, Martin.  “Drawing Civil War Soldiers: Volunteers and the Draft in Harper’s Weekly and Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, 1861-64.”  Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 96-105.

Kunzle, David.  The History of the Comic Strip: The Nineteenth Century.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. 

Kunzle, David.  Father of the Comic Strip: Rodolphe Topffer.  Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2007.

Lacey, Barbara E., From Sacred to Secular: Visual Images in Early American Publications. (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2007.

Langa, Helen.  Radical Art: Printmaking and the Left in the 1930s.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Lamb, Christopher. “Changing with the Times: The World According to Doonsbury.”  Journal of Popular Culture 23:4 (Spring 1990): 113-129. 

Larson, Judy L., ed.  The Graphic Arts and the South.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1993.

Lawrence, Windy Y., Benjamin Bates, and Mark Cervenka. “Politics Drawn in Black and White: Henry J. Lewis’s Visual Rhetoric in Late-1800s Black Editorial Cartoons.” Journalism History 40:3 (2014): 138-147.

Lawson, Karol Ann P.  “An Inexhaustible Abundance: The National Landscape Depicted in American Magazines, 1780-1820.”  Journal of the Early Republic 12 (Fall 1992): 303-330.

Lee, Peter Y.W., ed.  Peanuts and American Culture: Essays on Charles M. Schulz’s Iconic Comic Strip.  Jefferson, NCMcFarland, 2019.

Lehman, Christopher P.  American Animated Cartoons of the Vietnam Era: A Study of Social Commentary in Films and Television Programs, 1961-1973.  Jefferson: McFarland, 2006.

Lent, John A.  Comic Books and Comic Strips in the United States: An International Bibliography.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Lenthall, Bruce.  “Outside the Panel- Race in America’s Popular Imagination: Comic Strips Before and After World War II.”  Journal of American Studies 32:1 (April 1998): 39-61.

Levay, Matthew. “Repetition, Recapitulation, Routine: Dick Tracy and the Temporality of Daily Newspaper Comics.” The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 9, no. 1 (2018): 101–22. 

Levin, Jo Ann Early.  “The Golden Age of Illustration: Popular Art in American Magazines, 1850-1925.”  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1980.

Lewin, J. G., and P. J. Huff.  Lines of Contention: Political Cartoons of the Civil War. New York: Collins, 2007. 

Lewis, Benjamin.  Guide to Engravings in American Magazines, 1741-1810.  New York: New York Public Library, 1959.

Lisenby, Foy.  “American Women in Magazine Cartoons.”  American Journalism 2 (1985): 130-34. 

Lordan, Edward J.  Politics, Ink: How America’s Cartoonists Skewer Politicians from George III to George Dubya.  Lanham, Md.:  Rowman and Littlefield, 2005. 

Lovejoy, David S.  “American Painting in Early Nineteenth Century Gift Books.”  American Quarterly 7:4 (Winter 1955): 345-361. 

Lupoff, Dick, and Don Thompson, eds.  The Comic Book.  New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1973. 

Mainardi, Patricia.  Another World: Nineteenth-Century Illustrated Print Culture.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.

Makemson, Harlan E.  “Images of Scandal: Political Cartooning in the 1894 Presidential Campaign.” PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2002.

Makemson, Harlen.  “Beat the Press: How Leading Political Cartoonists Framed Protests at the 1968 Democratic Party Convention.”  Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 77-86.

Marschall, Richard.  America’s Great Comic Strip Artists. New York: Abbeville Press, 1989. 

Martin Jr., Francis.  “To Ignore is to Deny: E.W. Kemble’s Racial Caricature as Popular Art.” Journal of Popular Culture40:4 (2007): 655-682.

Marzio, Peter C.  The Democratic Art: Chromolithography 1840-1900, Pictures for 19th Century America.  Boston: David R. Godine, 1979.

McWilliam, Neil, Eds. Lines of Attack: Conflicts in Caricature. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.

Meyer, Christina.  Producing Mass Entertainment: The Serial Life of the Yellow Kid.  Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2020.

Miller, Worth Robert.  Populist Cartoons: An Illustrated History of the Third-Party Movement in the 1890s.  Kirksville: Truman State University Press, 2011.

Mitenbuler, Reid.  Wild Minds: The Artists and Rivalries That Inspired the Golden Age of Animation.  Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2020.

Moist, Kevin M.  “Visualizing Postmodernity: 1960s Rock Posters and Contemporary American Culture.”  Journal of Popular Culture 43:6 (December 2010): 1242-1265.

Montgomery, Scott B. “Radical Trips: Exploring the Political Dimension and Context of the 1960s Psychedelic Poster.” Journal for the Study of Radicalism 13:1 (Spring 2019): 121-154.

Moore, Jennifer E.  “The Artist as Reporter: Drawing National Identity During the US Civil War.”  Journalism History 44:1 (Spring 2018): 2-11.

Moss, Richard. “Racial Anxiety on the Comics Page: Harry Hershfield’s ‘Abie the Agent,’ 1914-1940.”  Journal of Popular Culture 40:1 (February 2007): 90-108.

Murrell, William.  A History of American Graphic Humor, 1747-1938.  2 vol.  New York: Macmillan, 1933-1938. 

Nadel, Dan, ed.  It’s Life as I See It: Black Cartoonists in Chicago, 1940-1980.  New York: New York Review Books, 2021.

Navasky, Victor S.  The Art of Controversy: Political Cartoons and Their Enduring Power.  New York: Knopf, 2012.

Neely, Jr., Mark E., Harold Holzer, and Gabor S. Boritt.  The Confederate Image: Prints of the Lost Cause.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987. 

Neely, Jr., Mark E., and Harold Holzer.  The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. 

Nelson, Roy Paul. Comic Art and Caricature. New York: Contemporary Books, 1978.

Nevins, Allan, and Frank Weitenkampf.  A Century of Political Cartoons: Caricature in the United States from 1800-1900.  New York: Scribner’s, 1944.

Newton, Leslie. “Picturing Smartness: Cartoons in the New Yorker, Vanity Fair, and Esquire in the Age of Cultural Celebrities.” The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 3, no. 1 (2012): 64–92. 

Nystrom, Elsa A.  “The Rejection of Order: The Development of the Newspaper Comic Strip, 1830-1920.”  PhD dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 1989.

Paine, Albert Bigelow.  Th. Nast: His Period and His Pictures.  New York: Macmillan, 1904.

Palm, Regina. “All American Girls: Women Pin-Up Artists of the First Half of the Twentieth Century.” Journal of Popular Culture 51:5 (2018): 1092-1112.

Parke-Taylor, Michael. “Images of Native Americans in Rick Griffin’s Early Psychedelic Posters.” Journal of Popular Culture 53:5 (2020): 1105-1134.

Pearl, Sharrona.  “White, With a Class-Based Blight: Drawing Irish Americans.”  Eire-Ireland 44:3&4 (Fall/Winter 2009): 171-199.  

Pearson, Andrea G.  “Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper and Harper’s Weekly: Innovation and Imitation in Nineteenth Century Pictorial Reporting.” Journal of Popular Culture 23:4 (Spring 1990): 81-111.

Peppis, Paul. “Popular Modernism in the Late Krazy Kat Comics: Industry and Innovation in the Color Sundays.” The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 9, no. 2 (2018): 157–76. 

Pillen, Cory. “See America: WPA Posters and the Mapping of a New Deal Democracy.” Journal of American Culture 31 (March 2008): 49–65.    

Piola, Erika. “The Rise of Early American Lithography and Antebellum Visual Culture.” Winterthur Portfolio 48 (Summer–Autumn 2014):125–138.

Piott, Steven L.  “The Rights of the Cartoonist: Samuel Pennypacker and Freedom of the Press.”  Pennsylvania History 55:2 (April 1988): 78-91.

Portnoy, Edward A.  “The Creation of a Jewish Cartoon Space in the New York and Warsaw Yiddish Press, 1884–1939.”  PhD dissertation, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 2008.

Press, Charles.  The Political Cartoon.  East Brunswick, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1981. 

Pustz, Matthew J.  Comic Book Culture: Fanboys and True Believers.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

Quattro, Ken.  Invisible Men: The Trailblazing Black Artists of Comic Books.  New York: Yoe Books, 2020.

Rainey, Sue. “Mary Hallock Foote: A Leading Illustrator of the 1870s and 1880s.” Winterthur Portfolio 41 (Summer–Autumn 2007): 97–140.

Ramos, E. Carmen, ed.  Printing the Revolution: The Rise and Impact of Chicago Graphics, 1965 to Now.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020.

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Young, Ralph, ed.  Make Art, Not War: Political Protest Posters from the Twentieth Century.  New York: NYU Press, 2016.

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