News Services and Syndicates

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Allen, Gene.  “News Across the Border: Associated Press in Canada, 1894-1917.”  Journalism History 31:4 (Winter 2006): 206-216.

Allen, Gene.  “Catching Up With the Competition: The International Expansion of the Associated Press, 1920-1945.” Journalism Studies 17 (2016): 474-762.

Associated Press.  Breaking News: How the Associated Press Covered War, Peace and Everything Else.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.  

Ault, Phil.  News Around the Clock: Press Associations in Action.  New York: Dodd, Mead, 1960.

Beard, Richard L., and Cyril E. Zoerner.  “Associated Negro Press: Its Founding, Ascendency, and Demise.”  Journalism Quarterly 46 (Spring 1969): 47-52.

Benet, Stephen Vincent. “The United Press.” Fortune (May 1933): 67.

Blanchard, Margaret A.  “The Associated Press Anti-Trust Suit: A Philosophic Clash over First Amendment Ownership Rights.” Business History Review 61:1 (1987): 43-85.

Blondheim, Menahem.  “The Click: Telegraphic Technology, Journalism, and the Transformation of the New York Associated Press.”  American Journalism 17:4 (Fall 2000): 27-52.

Boyd-Barrett, Oliver.  The International News Agencies.  Beverly Hills: Sage, 1980.

Brooker-Gross, Susan R.  “News Wire Services in the Nineteenth-Century United States.”  Journal of Historical Geography 7 (1981): 167-179.

Chandler, Robert J.  “The California News-Telegraph Monopoly, 1860-1870.”  Southern California Quarterly 58 (Winter 1976): 459-484.

Cooper, Kent.  Kent Cooper and the AP: An Autobiography.  New York: Random House, 1959.

Dell’Orto, Giovanna.  AP Foreign Correspondents in Action.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Fenby, Jonathan.  The International News Services.  New York: Schocken Books, 1986.

Gordon, Gregory, and Ronald E. Cohen.  Down to the Wire: UPI’s Fight for Survival.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989.

Gramling, Oliver. AP: The Story of the News.  Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1969.

Harnett, Richard M., and Billy G. Ferguson.  UNIPRESS: United Press International Covering the 20th Century.  Golden, CO: Fulcrum Press, 2003.

Hogan, Lawrence D.  A Black National News Service: The Associated Negro Press and Claude Barnett, 1915-1945. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983.

Johanningsmeier, Charles.  “Expanding the Scope of Periodical History for Literary Studies: Irving Bacheller and His Newspaper Fiction Syndicate.”  American Periodicals 5 (1995): 14-39.

Johanningsmeier, Charles.  Fiction and the American Literary Marketplace: The Role of Newspaper Syndicates, 1860-1900.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Johnson, James Wesley.  “The Associated Negro Press: A Medium of International News and Information, 1919-1967.”  PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1976.

Knights, Peter R.  “The Press Association War of 1866-67.” Journalism Monographs 6 (December 1967).

MacDougall, Curtis D.  “Newspaper Syndicates and their Social Significance.”  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (January 1942).

Marschall, Rick.  “King Features Marks a 75-Year Reign.”  Media History Digest 10:2 (Fall-Winter 1990): 60-64.

Moore, Paul. “Subscribing to Publicity: Syndicated Newspaper Features for Moviegoing in North America, 1911–1915.” Early Popular Visual Culture 12, no. 2 (2014): 260–273.

Morris, Joe Alex. Deadline Every Minute: The Story of the United Press.  Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1957.

Nalbach, Alex.  “Poisoned at the Source? Telegraphic News Services and Big Business in the Nineteenth Century.”  Business History Review 77:4 (Winter 2003): 577-610.

Palmer, Michael B.  International News Agencies: A History.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.

Rantanen, Terhi. “Foreign Dependence and Domestic Monopoly: The European News Cartel and U.S. Associated Presses, 1861–1932.”  Media History (Abingdon) 12 (April 2006): 19–35.

Read, Donald.  The Power of News: A History of Reuters.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Rosewater, Victor. A History of Cooperative Newsgathering in America. New York: Appleton, 1930.

Schwarzlose, Richard A.  “The American Wire Services: A Study in their Development as a Social Institution.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, 1965.

Schwarzlose, Richard A.   The Nation’s Newsbrokers.  2 volumes.  Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1989-90.

Shmanske, Stephen. “News as a Public Good: Cooperative Ownership, Price Commitments and the Success of the Associated Press.” Business History Review 60, no.1 (Spring 1986): 55-80.

Silberstein-Loeb, Jonathan. “Exclusivity and Cooperation in the Supply of News: The Example of the Associated Press, 1893–1945.”  Journal of Policy History 24 (no. 3, 2012): 466–498.

Silberstein-Loeb, Jonathan.  The International Distribution of News: The Associated Press, Press Association, and Reuters, 1848–1947. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Smethers, J. Steven. “Pounding Brass for the Associated Press: Delivering News by Telegraph in a Pre-Teletype Era.”  American Journalism 19 (Spring 2002): 13-30.

Smith, Carol Lynn. “The Development of Monopoly Markets in the Daily Newspaper Industry: An Exploration of the Role of the Early Associated Press.” PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 1990.

Swindler, William F.  “The AP Anti-trust Case in Historical Perspective.”  Journalism Quarterly 23 (March 1946): 40-57.

UNESCO.  News Agencies: Their Structure and Functions.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1953.

Watson, Elmo Scott.  A History of Newspaper Syndicates in the United States, 1865-1935.  Chicago: Publishers’ Auxiliary, 1936.

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