Ethnic and Language Minority Media
The Black Press and Broadcasting
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Aiello, Thomas. “Editing a Paper in Hell: Davis Less and the Exigencies of Small-time Black Journalism.” American Journalism 33:2 (Spring 2016): 144-168.
Aiello, Thomas. “Do We Have Any Men to Follow in Her Footsteps?: The Black Southern Press and the Fight for Teacher Salary Equalization.” History of Education Quarterly 58:1 (February 2018): 94-121.
Aiello, Thomas. The Grapevine of the Black South: The Scott Newspaper Syndicate in the Generation Before the Civil Rights Movement. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2018.
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Alexander, Shawn Leigh. “Marcus Garvey and the Chicago Defender, 1917-1923.” PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 1995.
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Alkebulan, Paul. The African-American Press in World War II: Toward Victory at Home and Abroad. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2014. Add to minority
Anderson, Daniel Roger. “Renaissance Men: The Harlem Intelligentsia, the African–American Press, and the Culture of Sport, 1918–1940.” PhD dissertation, University of Minnesota, 2005.
Ayers, Oliver. “The 1935 Labor Dispute at the Amsterdam News and the Challenges Posed by the Rise of Unionism in Depression-Era Harlem.” Journal of American Studies 48:3 (2014): 797-818.
Baaki, Brian. “White Crime and the Early African American Press: Elements of Reprinting and Reporting in New York’s Freedom’s Journal.” American Periodicals 29: 2 (2019): 121-134.
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Baptiste, Bala James. Race and Radio: Pioneering Black Broadcasters in New Orleans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019.
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Beito, David T., and Linda Royster Beito. “Selling Laissez-faire Antiracism to the Black Masses: Rose Wilder Lane and the Pittsburgh Courier.” Independent Review 15:2 (Fall 2010): 279-294.
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Bowie, Rian Elizabeth. “Is There a Woman in the Text? The Black Press and the Emergence of Organized Black Womanhood, 1827–1900.” PhD dissertation, Emory University, 2007.
Boyd, Melba Joyce. Wrestling with the Muse: Dudley Randall and the Broadside Press. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Brent Zooks, Kristal. I See Black People: The Rise and Fall of African American Owned Television and Radio. New York: Nation Books, 2008.
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Brooks, Maxwell R. The Negro Press Re-Examined: Political Content of Leading Negro Newspapers. Boston: Christopher Publishing House, 1959.
Brooks, Shelia, and Clint C. Wilson II. Lucile H. Bluford and the Kansas City Call: Activist Voice for Social Justice. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2018.
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Broussard, Jinx Coleman. Giving Voice to the Voiceless: Four Pioneering Black Women Journalists. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Broussard, Jinx Coleman. “Exhortation to Action: The Writings of Amy Jacques Garvey, Journalist and Black Nationalist.” Journalism History 32:2 (Summer 2006): 87-95.
Broussard, Jinx Coleman. African American Foreign Correspondents: A History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.
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Brown, Kory B. “Souled Out: Ebony Magazine in an Age of Black Power, 1965-1975.” PhD dissertation, Howard University, 2010.
Booker, Vaughn A. “Pulpit and Pew: African American Humor on Irreverent Religious Participation in John H. Johnson’s Negro Digest, 1943-1950.” Journal of Africana Religions 8:1 (2020): 1-36.
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Burns, Ben. Nitty Gritty: A White Editor in Black Journalism. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1996.
Burroughs, Todd S. “Drums in the Global Village: Toward an Ideological History of Black Media.” PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, 2001.
Burroughs, Todd Steven. “Kerner’s Other Black Explosion: The Chapter 15 Mandate and the Birth of New York’s Black Public-Affairs Programming, 1967-1968.” Howard Journal of Communication 30:4 (2019): 355.370.
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Burrowes, Carl Patrick. “In Common with Colored Men, I Have Certain Sentiments: Black Nationalism and Hilary Teage of the Liberia Herald.” American Journalism 16:3 (1999): 17-35.
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Byers, Stephen Robert. “Diverse Community, Diverse Newspapers: How Milwaukee’s Black Press Reflected its Diversity, 1968-2002.” PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2004.
Caddoo, Cara. “Black Newspapers, Real Property, and Mobility in Memphis After Emancipation.” Journal of African American History 102:4 (Fall 2017): 468-491.
Caldwell, H. Zahra. “I Was Anti-Everything: Cartoonist Jackie Ormes and the Comics as a Site of Progressive Black Journalism.” American Studies 59:3 (2020): 9-120.
Campbell, Brian E. “African American Sports Journalists and Athletes as Foreign Correspondents for the Black Press, 1930-1950.” Journalism History 46:4 (2020): 358-374.
Carlisle, Anthony Todd. “The Black Press and the Shaping of Protest in African American Literature, 1840–1935.” PhD dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 2009.
Carroll, Anne Elizabeth. Word, Image, and the New Negro: Representation and Identity in the Harlem Renaissance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.
Carroll, Brian. “When to Stop Cheering? The Black Press, the Black Community, and the Integration of Professional Baseball.” PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2003.
Carroll, Brian. The Black Press and Black Baseball, 1915-1955: A Devil’s Bargain. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2015.
Carroll, Fred. Race News: Black Reporters and the Fight for Racial Justice in the Twentieth Century. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2017.
Carter, Jolette B. “The Role of the Black Press in the 1923 Trial of Marcus Mosiah Garvey.” American Journalism 14:2 (1997): 131-147.
Castro, Cristian. “White Paper, Black Ink: The Black Press of Sao Paulo and Chicago, 1900–1950.” PhD dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2013.
Castronovo, Russ. “Beauty Along the Color Line: Lynching, Aesthetics, and the Crisis.” PMLA 121:5 (2006): 1443-1459.
Chapman, Erin D. Prove it on Me: New Negroes, Sex, and Popular Culture in the 1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Chase, Hal. “Honey for Friends, Stings for Enemies’: William Calvin Chase and The Washington Bee, 1882-1921.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1973.
Cilli, Adam Lee. “Robert L. Vann and the Pittsburgh Courier in the 1932 Presidential Election: An Analysis of Black Reformism in Interwar America.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 143:2 (April 2019): 141-176.
Clark, Naeemah, ed. African Americans in the History of Mass Communication: A Reader. New York: Peter Lang, 2014.
Clark, Tanya N. “Quilting the Race: Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins, the Colored American Magazine, & the African American Family, 1900-1905.” PhD dissertation, Temple University, 2004.
Clark, William E. “A Pioneer Negro Newspaper: The New York Age.” Southern Workman 52 (January 1923): 16-20.
Cohen, Laura Langer, and Jordan Alexander Stein, eds. Early African American Print Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
Cooper, Caryl A. “The Chicago Defender: Filling in the Gaps for the Office of Civilian Defense, 1941-1945.” Western Journal of Black Studies 23:1 (1999): 111-118.
Cooper, Caryl. “Selling Negro Women to Negro Women and the World: Rebecca Stiles Taylor and the Chicago Defender, 1939-1945.” Journalism History 39:4 (Winter 2014): 241-249.
Cronin, Mary M. “A Chance to Build for Our Selves: Black Press Boosterism in Oklahoma, 1891-1915.” Journalism History 26:2 (Spring 2000): 71-80.
Cronin, Mary M. “Mixing Protest and Accommodation: The Response of Oklahoma’s Black Town Newspaper Editors to Race Relations, 1891-1918.” American Journalism 19:2 (Spring 2002): 45-64.
Cronin, Mary M. “A Chance to Build for Our Selves: Black Press Boosterism in Oklahoma, 1891-1915.” Journalism History 26:2 (Summer 2000): 71-80.
Cronin, Mary M. “C.F. Richardson and the Houston Informer’s Fight for Racial Equality in the 1920s.” American Journalism 23:3 (Summer 2006): 79-103.
Crowder, Ralph L. “Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and John Edward Bruce: The Relationship of a Militant Black Journalist with the ‘Father of Civil of Rights’ and the ‘Wizard of Tuskegee’.” Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 22:2 (July 1998): 91-110.
Dahn, Eurie. Jim Crow Networks: African American Periodical Cultures. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2021.
Daniel, Walter. Black Journals of the United States. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.
Daniel, Walter C., and Patrick J. Huber. “The Voice of the Negro and the Atlanta Riot of 1906: A Problem in Freedom of the Press.” Journalism History 17:1-2 (Spring-Summer 1990): 23-28.
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Dawkins, Wayne. Rugged Waters: Black Journalists Swim the Mainstream. Sicklerville, NJ: August Press, 2003.
Day Moore, Celeste. “Producing A Black World: William Greaves, Black Journal, and the Creation of a New Medium of Black Internationalism, 1968-1970.” Journal of African American History 106:4 (Fall 2021): 626-649.
Delmont, Matthew F. Black Quotidian: Everyday History in African-American Newspapers. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2019.
DeSantis, Alan Douglas. “Selling the American Dream: The Chicago Defender and the Great Migration of 1915-1919.” PhD dissertation, University of Indiana, 1993.
DeSantis, Alan D. “A Forgotten Leader: Robert S. Abbott and the Chicago Defender from 1910-1920.” Journalism History 23:2 (Spring 1997): 63-71.
Detweiler, Frederick. The Negro Press in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1922.
Digby-Junger, Richard. “The Guardian, Crisis, Messenger, and Negro World: The Early-20th-Century Black Radical Press.” Howard Journal of Communications 9:3 (July 1998): 263-282.
Dillon, Merton L. Benjamin Lundy and the Struggle for Negro Freedom. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1966.
Dolan, Mark K. “Extra!: Chicago Defender Race Records Ads Show South From Afar.” Southern Cultures 13:3 (Fall 2007): 106-124.
Dolan, Mark K. “Dave Peyton, the Chicago Defender, and Local 208.” Journal of Illinois History 11 (Autumn 2008): 154–148.
Domke, David. “The Black Press in the ‘Nadir’ of African Americans.” Journalism History 20:3-4 (1994):131-138.
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Ellis, Charlesetta M. “Robert S. Abbott’s Response to Education for African-Americans via the Chicago Defender, 1909-1940.” PhD dissertation, Loyola University, 1994.
Emery, Jacqueline. “Writing to Belong: Alice Dunbar-Nelson’s Newspaper Columns in the African American Press.” Legacy 33:2 (2016): 286-309.
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Langer Cohen, Lara, and Jordan Alexander Stein, eds. Early African American Print Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
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Michaeli, Ethan. The Defender: How the Legendary Black Newspaper Changed America from the Age of the Pullman Porters to the Age of Obama. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016.
Mikel, Daniel P. “A History of Negro Newspapers in Minnesota, 1876-1963.” M.Ed., Macalester College, 1963.
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Mindich, David T.Z. “Understanding Frederick Douglass: Toward a New Synthesis Approach to the Birth of Modern American Journalism.” Journalism History 26:1 (Winter 2000): 15-22.
Mislan, Cristina. “An Obedient Servant: Internationalizing and Capitalizing on Blackness in Marcus Garvey’s Negro World.” Journalism History 39:2 (2013): 115-125.
Mitchell, Patricia Pugh. “Negating the Nadir: ‘The Smoky City’ Newspaper Series as a Forum for Black Perspectives.” Western Pennsylvania History 89 (Winter 2006-2007): 32-47.
Morris, Burnis R. Carter G. Woodson: History, the Black Press, and Public Relations. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2017.
Moses, Jennifer. “Writing The Age: T. Thomas Fortune, the African American Press, and the Unfolding of Jim Crow America, 1880-1930.” PhD dissertation, University of Delaware, 2012.
Muhammad, Baiyina W. “‘What is Africa to Us’? The Baltimore Afro American‘s Coverage of the African Diaspora, 1915-1941.” PhD dissertation, Morgan State University, 2004.
Murphy, Sharon. Other Voices: Black, Chicano, and American Indian Press. Dayton: Pflaum/Standard, 1974.
Murdock, David Horace. “Some Business Aspects of Leading Negro Newspapers.” PhD dissertation, University of Kansas, 1935.
Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma. New York: Harper and Row, 1944. pp. 908-924 on the black press
Neal, Diane. “Seduction, Accommodation, or Realism? Tabbs Gross and the Arkansas Freeman.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 48 (Spring 1989): 57-64.
Newmann. Mark. Entrepreneurs of Profit and Pride: From Black Appeal to Radio Soul. Westport: Praeger, 1988.
Newman, Richard, Patrick Rael, and Phillip Lapsansky, eds. Pamphlets of Protest: An Anthology of Early African-American Protest Literature, 1790-1860. New York: Routledge, 2000.
Newman, Richard. “Protest in Black and White: The Formation and Transformation of an African American Political Community During the Early Republic,” in Jeffrey L. Pasley, Andrew W. Robertson, and David Waldstreicher, eds. Beyond the Founders: New Approaches to the Political History of the Early American Republic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
O’Kelly, Charlotte G. “The Black Press and the Black Protest Movement: A Study of the Response of Mass Media to Social Change, 1946-1972.” PhD dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1975.
Page, Yolanda Williams, ed. Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers. 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2007.
Parascandola, Louis J., ed. Amy Jacques Garvey: Selected Writings from the Negro World. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2016.
Paz, Dennis G. “John Albert Williams and Black Journalism in Omaha, 1895-1929.” Midwest Review 10 (Spring 1988): 14-32.
Peeples, Matthew. “Creating Political Authority: The Role of the Antebellum Black Press in the Political Mobilization and Empowerment of African-Americans.” Journalism History 34:2 (Summer 2008): 76-86.
Peplow, Michael. George S. Schuyler. Boston: Twayne, 1980.
Perry, Earnest Lee, Jr. “Voice of Consciousness: The Negro Newspaper Publishers Association During World War II.” PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1998.
Perry, Earnest L., Jr. “A Common Purpose: The Negro Newspaper Publishers Association’s Fight for Equality During World War II.” American Journalism 19 (Spring 2002): 31-43.
Perry, Earnest. “We Want In: The African-American Press’s Negotiation for a White House Correspondent.” American Journalism 20 (Summer 2003): 31-47.
Pietila, Antero, and Stacy Spaulding. “The Afro-American’s World War II Correspondents: Feulletonism as Social Action.” Literary Journalism Studies 5:2 (Fall 2013): 37-58.
Pinnick, Timothy N. Finding and Using African-American Newspapers. Wyandotte, OK: Gregath Publishing, 2008.
Pride, Armistad S. A Register and History of Negro Newspapers in the United States, 1827-1950. Ann Arbor: University Microfilm, 1979.
Pride, Armistad S. and Clint C. Wilson. A History of the Black Press. Washington DC: Howard University Press, 1997.
Rathbun, Betty Lou K. “The Rise of the Modern American Negro Press, 1880-1914.” PhD dissertation, State University of New York-Buffalo, 1979.
Reisler, Jim. Black Writers- Black Baseball: An Anthology of Articles from Black Sportswriters who Covered the Negro Leagues. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1994.
Rhodes, Jane. “Race, Money, Politics and the Antebellum Black Press.” Journalism History 20:3-4 (1994):95-106.
Rhodes, Jane. Mary Ann Shadd Cary: The Black Press and Protest in the Nineteenth Century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
Robinson, Shanta R. “Crusader and Advocate: The Black Press, the Scopes Trial, and Educational Progress.” Journal of Negro Education 87:1 (Winter 2018): 5-21.
Roiland, Joshua M. “Just People are Just People: Langston Hughes and the Populist Power of African American Literary Journalism.” Literary Journalism Studies 5:2 (Fall 2013): 15-35.
Rooks, Noliwe M. Ladies’ Pages: African American Women’s Magazines and the Culture that Made Them. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Ross, Felicia Jones. “The Cleveland Call and Post and the New Deal: A Change in African-American Thought.” Journalism History 19:3 (Autumn 1993):87-92 .
Ross, Felicia Jones. “Preserving the Community: Cleveland Black Papers’ Response to the Great Migration.” Journalism Quarterly 71:3 (Fall 1994): 531-539.
Ross, Felicia Jones. “Fragile Equality: A Black Paper’s Portrayal of Race Relations in late 19th Century Cleveland.” Howard Journal of Communications 6: 1/2 (October 1995): 53-68.
Ross, Felicia Jones. “The Brownsville Affair and the Political Values of Cleveland’s Black Newspapers.” American Journalism 12:2 (1995): 107-22.
Ross, Felicia Jones. “Black Press Scholarship: Where We Have Been, Where We Are, and Where We Need to Go.” American Journalism 37:3 (Summer 2020): 301-320.
Sarr, Amanda. Black Arkansas Newspapers, 1869-1975: A Check List. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1975.
Savage, Barbara Diane. Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War and the Politics of Race, 1939-1948. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Schechter, Patricia A. Ida B. Well-Barnett and American Reform, 1880-1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
Schneider, Mark R. “The Colored American and Alexander’s: Boston’s Pro-Civil Rights Bookerites.” Journal of Negro History 80:4 (Autumn 1995): 157-169.
Scott, Michelle R. “To Help Enlighten Our People: ‘Theater Folk’ and Stage Advice Columns in the 1920s Chicago Defender.” American Studies 59:3 (2020): 55-76.
Sealander, Judith. “Antebellum Black Press Images of Women.” Western Journal of Black Studies 6 (Fall 1982): 159-165.
Searcy, Jennifer. “The Voice of the Negro: African American Radio, WVON, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Chicago.” PhD dissertation, Loyola University, 2013.
Shelton, Vanessa. “Interpretive Community and the Black Press: Racial Equality and Politics in The St. Louis American and The St. Louis Argus, 1928–1956.” PhD dissertation, University of Iowa, 2007.
Shott, Brian. “Forty Acres and a Carabao: T. Thomas Fortune, Newspapers, and the Pacific’s Unstable Color Lines.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 17:1 (January 2018): 98-120.
Shott, Brian. Mediating America: Black and Irish Press and the Struggle for Citizenship, 1870-1914. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2019.
Siddons, Louise. “Red Power in the Black Panther: Radical Imagination and Intersectional Resistance at Wounded Knee.” American Art 35:2 (Summer 2021): 2-31.
Sklaroff, Lauren Rebecca. Black Culture and the New Deal: The Quest for Civil Rights in the Roosevelt Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
Slagle, Mark. “Mightier Than the Sword? The Black Press and the End of Racial Segregation in the U.S. Military, 1948–1954.” PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 2010.
Smethurst, James, and Rachel Rubin. “The Cartoons of Ollie Harrington, the Black Left, and the African American Press During the Jim Crow Era.” American Studies 59:3 (2020): 121-141.
Snorgrass, J. William. “The Baltimore Afro-American and the Election Campaigns of FDR.” American Journalism 1:2 (1984): 35-50.
Snorgrass, J. William, and Gloria T. Woody. Blacks and Media: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography, 1962-1982. Tallahassee: Florida A&M University Press, 1985.
Snorgrass, J. William. “The Black Press and Political Alliances: The Turning Point, 1928.” Western Journal of Black Studies 10:3 (Fall 1986): 103-108.
Spires, Derrick R. The Practice of Citizenship: Black Politics and Print Culture in the Early United States. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.
Spires, Derrick R. “Aliened Americans: Pseudonymity and Gender Politics in Early Black Social Media.” African American Review 55:1 (Spring 2022): 33-49. The Alienated American, 1850s.
Squires, David. “Outlawry: Ida B. Wells and Lynch Law.” American Quarterly 67:1 (2015): 141-163.
Stein, Meyer L. Blacks in Communications: Journalists, Public Relations, and Advertising. New York: J. Messner, 1972.
Stevens, John D. “The Black Press Looks at 1920s Journalism.” Journalism History 7: 3/4 (Autumn-Winter 1980): 109-113.
Stevens, John D. “The Black Press and the 1936 Olympics.” American Journalism 14:1 (1997): 97-102.
Stevens, Summer E., and Owen V. Johnson. “From Black Politics to Black Community: Harry C. Smith and the Cleveland Gazette.” Journalism Quarterly 67 (1990): 1090-1102.
Stovall, Mary E. “The Chicago Defender in the Progressive Era.” Illinois Historical Journal 83:3 (Autumn 1990): 159-172.
Streitmatter, Rodger. “Economic Conditions Surrounding 19th Century African American Women Journalists: Two Case Studies.” Journalism History 18 (January 1992): 33-40.
Streitmatter, Rodger. Raising Her Voice: African American Women Journalists Who Changed History. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1994.
Strother, T. Ella. “The Black Image in the Chicago Defender, 1905-1975.” Journalism History 4:4 (1977-78): 137-141, 156.
Suggs, Henry L., ed. The Black Press in the Middle West, 1865-1985. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Suggs, Henry, L. ed. The Black Press in the South, 1865-1983. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.
Suggs, Henry Lewis. “The Response of the African American Press to the United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” Journal of African American History 87 (Winter 2002): 70-82.
Sullins, William S., and Paul Parsons. “Roscoe Dunjee: Crusading Editor of Oklahoma’s Black Dispatch, 1915-1955.” Journalism Quarterly 69 (1992):204-213.
Taylor, David V. “John Quincy Adams: St. Paul Editor and Black Leader.” Minnesota History 43:8 (1973): 282-296.
Teel, Leonard Ray. “W.A. Scott and the Atlanta World.” American Journalism 6:3 (1989): 158-78.
Teel, Leonard Ray. “The African-American Press and the Campaign for a Federal Antilynching Law, 1933-34.” American Journalism 8:2-3 (1991): 84-107.
Teel, Leonard Ray. “The Jazz Rage: Carter G. Woodson’s Culture War in the African-American Press.” American Journalism 11:4 (1994): 348-58.
Teresa, Carrie. “We Needed a Booker T. Washington…and Certainly a Jack Johnson: The Black Press, Johnson, and the Issue of Representation, 1909-1915.” American Journalism 32:1 (Winter 2015): 23-40.
Teresa, Carrie. Looking at the Stars: Black Celebrity Journalism in Jim Crow America. Lincoln: Bison Books, 2019.
Thompson, John Henry Lee. “The Little Caesar of Civil Rights: Roscoe Dunjee in Oklahoma City, 1915-1955.” PhD dissertation, Perdue University, 1990. (editor of the Black Dispatch in Oklahoma City)
Thompson, Julius E. Percy Greene and the Jackson Advocate: The Life and Times of a Radical Conservative Black Newspaperman, 1897-1977. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1994.
Thornbrough, Emma Lou. “American Negro Newspapers, 1880-1914.” Business History Review 40:4 (Winter 1965): 457-490
Thorton, Brian. “Pleading Their Own Cause: Letters to the Editor and Editorials in Ten African-American Newspapers, 1929-30.” Journalism History 32:3 (Fall 2006): 168-178.
Thornton, Brian, and William P. Cassidy. “Black Newspapers in 1968 Offer Panthers Little Support.” Newspaper Research Journal 29:1 (Winter 2008): 6-20.
Tillery Jr., Alvin Bernard, and Michell Chresfield. “Model Blacks or ‘Ras the Exhorter’: A Quantitative Content Analysis of Black Newspapers’ Coverage of the First Wave of Afro-Caribbean Immigration to the United States.” Journal of Black Studies 43:5 (July 2012): 545-570.
Tripp, Bernell Elizabeth. Origins of the Black Press, New York, 1827-1842. Northport, Ala.: Vision Press, 1992.
Tripp, Bernell E. “Black Women Journalists, 1825-1860.” PhD dissertation, University of Alabama, 1993.
Turner, Jeffrey Alan. “Agitation and Accommodation in a Southern Black Newspaper: The Savannah Tribune, 1886-1915.” PhD dissertation, University of Georgia, 1993.
Tyler, Bruce. “Zoot Suit Culture and the Black Press.” Journal of American Culture 17 (Summer 1994): 21-34.
Umoren, Imaobong. “We Americans Are Not Just American Citizens Any Longer:’ Eslanda Robeson, World Citizenship, and the New World Review in the 1950s.” Journal of Women’s History 30:4 (Winter 2018): 134-158.
Vincent, Theodore G., ed. Voices of a Black Nation: Political Journalism in the Harlem Renaissance. San Francisco: Ramparts, 1973.
Vogel, Todd, ed. The Black Press: New Literary and Historical Essays. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.
Wade-Giles, Gloria. “Black Women Journalists in the South, 1880-1905.” Callaloo 11-13 (February-October 1981): 138-151.
Wagner, Venise. “Activity Among Negroes: Race Pride and a Call for Interracial Dialogue in California’s East Bay Region, 1920-31.” Journalism History 35”2 (Summer 2009): 82-90.
Walck, Pamela E., and Emily Fitzgerald. “Finding the ‘Cullud’ Angle: Evelyn Cunningham, ‘The Women,’ and Feminism on the Pages of the Pittsburgh Courier.” Journalism History 46:4 (2020): 339-357.
Walters, Enoch P. American Diary: A Personal History of the Black Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Walters, Ronald G. “The Negro Press and the Image of Success: 1920-1939.” Midcontinent American Studies Journal 11:2 (Fall 1970): 36-55.
Washburn, Patrick S. A Question of Sedition: The Federal Government’s Investigation of the Black Press During World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Washburn, Patrick S. “The Black Press: Homefront Clout Hits a Peak in World War II.” American Journalism 12:3 (1995): 359-66.
Washburn, Patrick S. The African American Press: Voices of Freedom. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2007.
Weaver, Billy L. “The Educative Role of Black Newspapers, 1920-1930.” PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 1979.
Wells, Jonathan Daniel. “Printed Communities: Race, Respectability, and Black Newspapers in the Civil War Era West.” Journal of the Civil War Era 12:1 (March 2022): 54-79.
West Davidson, James. They Say: Ida B. Wells and the Reconstruction of Race. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
West, E. James. “A Hero to be Remembered: Ebony Magazine, Critical Memory, and the ‘Real Meaning’ of the King Holiday.” Journal of American Studies 52:2 (May 2018): 503-527.
West, E. James. “Ben Burns and the Boundaries of Black Print in Chicago, 1942-1954.” Journal of American Studies 53:3 (2019): 703-724.
West, E. James. Ebony Magazine and Lerone Bennett Jr.: Popular Black History in Postwar America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2020.
West, E. James. “Johnson Publishing Company and the Search for a White Audience.” American Journalism 39:3 (Summer 2022): 293-314.
West, E. James. A House for the Struggle: The Black Press and the Built Environment in Chicago. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2022.
Whitaker, Mark. Smoketown: The Untold Story of the Other Great Black Renaissance. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2018. Sections on Robert L. Vann, the Pittsburgh Courier, and black reporters.
Williams, Nudie E. “The Black Press in Oklahoma: The Formative Years, 1889-1907.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 61:3 (Fall 1983): 308-319.
Wiggins, David K. “Wendell Smith, the Pittsburgh Courier Journal and the Campaign to Include Blacks in Organized Baseball, 1933-1945.” Journal of Sport History 10:2 (Summer 1983): 5-29.
Williams, Gilbert A. “The Role of the Christian Recorder in the African Emigration Movement, 1854-1902.” Journalism Monographs 111 (April 1989).
Williams, Gilbert A. Legendary Pioneers of Black Radio. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.
Williams, Megan E. “Meet the Real Lena Horne: Representations of Lena Horn in Ebony Magazine, 1945-1949.” Journal of American Studies 43:1 (April 2009): 117-130.
Williams, Megan E. “Lena’s Not the Only One: Representations of Lena Lorne and Etta Moten in the Kansas City Call.” American Studies 51: 1/2 (Spring/Summer 2010): 49-67.
Wilson, Clint C. Black Journalists in Paradox: Historical Perspectives and Current Dilemmas. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1991.
Wolseley, Roland E. The Black Press: U.S.A. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1990.
Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Lewis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery. New York: Atheneum, 1971.
Yingling, Charlton W. “No One Who Reads the History of Hayti Can Doubt the Capacity of Colored Men: Racial Formation and Atlantic Rehabilitation in New York City’s Early Black Press, 1827-1841.” Early American Studies 11:2 (Spring 2013): 314-348.
Young, Sandra S. “A Different Journey: John Brown Russwurm, 1799-1851.” PhD dissertation, Boston College, 2004.
Zackodnik, Teresa. Press, Platform, Pulpit: Black Feminist Publics in the Era of Reform. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2011.
Zackodnik, Teresa. “Memory, Illustration, and Black Periodicals: Recasting the Disappearing Act of the Fugitive Slave in the ‘New Negro’ Woman.” American Periodicals 25:2 (2015): 139-159.
Indigenous American Press
Bearor, Karen A. “The Illustrated American and the Lakota Ghost Dance.” American Periodicals 21:2 (2011): 143-163.
Bertaud-Gandar, Rhiannon. “Laying Claim: Framing the Occupation of Alcatraz in the Indians of All Tribes Newsletter.” Australasian Journal of American Studies 35: 1 (July 2016): 125-142.
Bird, S. Elizabeth, ed. Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.
Coward, John M. “Explaining the Little Bighorn: Race and Progress in the Native Press.” Journalism Quarterly 71:3 (Autumn 1974): 540-549.
Coward, John M. “Promoting the Progressive Indian: Lee Harkins and The American Indian Magazine.” American Journalism 14, no. 1 (1997): 3–18.
Coward, John M. The Newspaper Indians: Native American Identity in the Press, 1820-1890. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.
Emery, Jacqueline A. “Writing against Erasure: Native American Boarding School Students and the Periodical Press, 1880–1920.” PhD dissertation, Temple University, 2011.
Emery, Jacqueline. “Minding Boarding School Newspapers for Native American Women Editors and Writers.” American Periodicals 27:1 (2017): 11-15.
Emery, Jacqueline, ed. Recovering Native American Writings in the Boarding School Press. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2018.
Garrett-Davis, Josh. “The Intertribal Drum of Radio: The Indians for Indians Hour and Native American Media, 1941-1951.” Western Historical Quarterly 49:3 (Autumn 2018): 249-273.
Griffith, Jane. Words Have a Past: The English Language, Colonialism, and the Newspapers of Indian Boarding Schools. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2019. US and Canada
Haller, Beth A. “Cultural Voices or Pure Propaganda? Publications of the Carlisle Indian School, 1879-1918.” American Journalism 19:2 (2002): 65-86.
Holland, Cullen Joe. Cherokee Newspapers, 1828-1906: Tribal Voice of a People in Transition. James P. Pate, ed. Cherokee Heritage Press, 2015.
Kim, Seonghoon. “We Have Always Had These Many Voices: Red Power Newspapers and a Community of Poetic Resistance.” American Indian Quarterly 39:3 (Summer 2015): 271-301.
Lacourse, Richard. “An Indian Perspective- Native American Journalism: An Overview.” Journalism History 6 (1979): 34-38.
Littlefield, Daniel F., and James W. Parins. American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1984.
Loew, Patty. “Natives, Newspapers, and ‘Fighting Bob’: Wisconsin Chippewa in the ‘Unprogressive’ Era.” Journalism History 23:4 (Autumn 1997): 149-158.
Murphy, James E. and Sharon M. Murphy. Let My People Know: American Indian Journalism, 1828-1978. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981.
Murphy, Sharon. “Neglected Pioneers: 19th Century Native American Newspapers.” Journalism History 4 (Autumn 1977): 79-82.
Perdue, Theda, ed. Cherokee Editor: The Writings of Alias Boudinot. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983.
Riley, Sam G. “Indian Journal, Voice of Creek Tribe, Now Oklahoma’s Oldest Newspaper.” Journalism Quarterly 59:1 (1982): 46-51.
Trahant, Mark N. Pictures of Our Nobler Selves: A History of Native American Contributions to News Media. Nashville: Freedom Forum Press, 1995.
Vallowe, Megan. “The Long Arm of the Phoenix in Nineteenth-Century Political Reprinting.” American Periodicals 28:1 (2018): 41-55.
Weston, Mary Ann. Native Americans in the News: Images of Indians in the Twentieth Century Press. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Winnemucca Hopkins, Sarah. The Newspaper Warrior: Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins’s Campaign for American Indian Rights, 1864-1891. Carolyn Sorioso and Cari M. Carpenter, eds. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015.
Ethnic/Immigrant and Foreign Language Press
Anderson, Arlow William. The Immigrant Takes his Stand: The Norwegian-American Press and Public Affairs, 1847-1952. Northfield, Minn.: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1953.
Arndt, Karl J., and May E. Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals, 1732-1955: History and Bibliography. Heidelberg, GER: Quelle & Meyer, 1961.
Backlund, Jonas Oscar. A Century of the Swedish-American Press. Chicago, 1952.
Björk, Ulf Jonas. “Perhaps There Is Someone Who Wants to Know How We Live: ‘Public’ Immigrant Letters in Swedish-American Newspapers.” Swedish-American Historical Quarterly 56 (April-July 2005): 183–97.
Björk, Ulf-Jonas. “Find Wealth or Freeze to Death: The Swedish-American Press and the Klondike Gold Rush.” Swedish-American Historical Quarterly 64 (July 2013): 107–130.
Brinn, Ayelet Rose. “Miss Amerike: The Yiddish Press’s Encounter with the United States, 1885-1924.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2019.
Brislin, Tom. “Weep Into Silence/Cries of Rage: Bitter Divisions in Hawaii’s Japanese Press.” Journalism and Mass Communication Monographs 154 (December 1995): 1-33.
Broadbent, T.L. “The German Language Press in California: Record of a German Immigration.” Journal of the West 10 (October 1971): 637-661.
Bytwerk, Randall L. “Julius Streicher and the Early History of Der Sturmer, 1923-1933.” Journalism History 5:3 (Autumn 1978): 74-79.
Capps, Finis Herbert. From Isolation to Involvement: The Swedish Immigrant Press in America, 1914-1945. Chicago: Swedish Pioneer Historical Society, 1966.
Cazden, Robert A. A Social History of the German Book Trade in America to the Civil War. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1984.
Chroust, David Zdenek. “Bohemian Voice: Contention, Brotherhood, and Journalism among Czech People in America, 1860–1910.” PhD dissertation, Texas A&M University, 2009.
Clement Reed, Sarah. “The Only Norwegian Paper in Utah: Imagining Norwegian, American, and Mormon Identities in a Vernacular Periodical.” Norwegian-American Studies 39 (2021): 40-76.
Condray, Kethleen. “Arkansas’s Bloody German-Language Newspaper War of 1892.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 74:4 (Winter 2015): 327-351.
Connolly-Smith, Peter. Picturing America: An Immigrant Press Visualizes American Popular Culture, 1890-1918. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2004.
Conolly-Smith, Peter. “Transforming an Ethnic Readership Through Word and Image: William Randolph Hearst’s Deutsches Journal and New York’s German-Language Press, 1895-1918.” American Periodicals 19:1 (2009): 66-84.
Cutter, Charles. “The American Yiddish Daily Press Reaction to the Rise of Nazism, 1930-1933.” PhD dissertation, Ohio State University, 1979.
Deak, Zoltan. This Noble Flame: Portrait of a Hungarian Newspaper in the USA. New York: Heritage Press, 1982.
Dolber, Brian. “Strange Bedfellows: Yiddish Socialist Radio and the Collapse of Broadcasting Reform in the United States, 1927-1938.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television 33:2 (2013): 289-307.
Dolber, Brian, ed. Media and Culture in the U.S. Jewish Labor Movement: Sweating for Democracy in the Interwar Era. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
Dolmetsch, Christopher L. The German Press of the Shenandoah Valley. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1984.
Edelman, Hendrick. The Dutch Language Press in America. Niewkoop: De Graef Publishers, 1986.
Geitz, Henry, ed., The German-American Press. Madison: Max Cade Institute, University of Wisconsin, 1992.
Hagy, N. W., and Van Ruynbeke, B. “The French Refugee Newspapers of Charleston.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 91 (1996): 29-46.
Hardt, Hanno. “Foreign Language Press in American Press History: An Essay.” Journal of Communication 39:3 (Spring 1989): 114-131.
Harmon, Steven W. The St. Josephs-Blatt, 1896-1919. New York: Peter Lang, 1989.
Hoffman, Matthew. “The Red Divide: The Conflict between Communists and Their Opponents in the American Yiddish Press.” American Jewish History 96 (March 2010): 1–31.
Hunter, Edward. In Many Voices: Our Fabulous Foreign Language Press. Norman Park, GA: Norman College, 1961.
Hutton, Frankie, and Barbara Straus Reed, eds. Outsiders in 19th Century Press History: Multicultural Perspectives. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 1995.
Jaroszynska-Kirchmann, Anna D. “‘Everybody Writes’: Readers and Editors and Their Interactions in the Polish-Language Press, 1922–1969.” Journal of American Ethnic History 33 (Fall 2013): 35–69.
Jaroszynska-Kirchmann, Anna D. The Polish Hearst: Ameryka-Echo and the Public Role of the Immigrant Press. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2015.
Joyce, William Leonard. Editors and Ethnicity: A History of the Irish-American Press, 1848-1883. New York: Arno Press, 1976. (reprint of Phd dissertation, University of Michigan, 1974)
Karlowich, Robert A. We Fall and Rise: Russian Language Newspapers in New York City, 1889-1914. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.
Kelman, Ari Y. Station Identification: A Cultural History of Yiddish Radio in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.
Kessler, Lauren. The Dissident Press: Alternative Journalism in American History. Beverley Hills: Sage Publications, 1984.
Kessler, Lauren. “Fettered Freedoms: The Journalism of the World War II Japanese Internment Camp.” Journalism History 15 (Summer-Autumn 1988).
Kieswetler, Renate. “German American Labor Press: The Verbote and Chicago Arbiter-Zeitung.” in Harmut Kiel, ed., German Worker’s Culture in the United States. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988.
Kim, Joey S. “Christian Conversion Through Racial Exclusion: The Oriental; or, Tung-Ngai San-Luk, the Second Chinese-Language Newspaper in the United States.” American Periodicals 31:2 (Fall 2021): 98-116.
Knight, Matthew. “The Irish Republic: Reconstructing Liberty, Right Principles, and the Fenian Brotherhood.” Eire-Ireland 52:3/4 (Fall/Winter 2017): 252-271.
Krysko, Michael A. “Gibberish On the Air: Foreign Language Radio and American Broadcasting, 1930-1940.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television 27:3 (2007): 333-355.
Kubow, Magdalena. “Polish-Jewish Relations As Reflected in the Pages of the Republika-Gornik, 1926-1930.” The Polish Review 62:1 (2017): 19-59.
Lipinsky, Seth. The Rise of Abraham Cahan. New York: Schocken, 2013.
Lo, Karl, and H.M. Lai, eds. Chinese Newspapers Published in North America, 1854-1875. Washington DC: Center for Chinese Research Materials, 1976.
Lovoll, Odd S. Norwegian Newspapers in America: Connecting Norway and the New Land. Minneapolis: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2010.
Luther, Catherine A. “Reflections of Cultural Identities in Conflict: Japanese American Internment Camp Newspapers During World War II.” Journalism History 29:2 (Summer 2003): 69-81.
Marzolf, Marion. “The Pioneer Danish Press in Midwest America, 1870-1900.” Scandinavian Studies 48:4 (1976): 426-440.
Marzolf, Marion T. The Danish Language Press in the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1979.
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McMahon, Cian T. “Caricaturing Race and Nation in the Irish American Press, 1870–1880: A Transnational Perspective.” Journal of American Ethnic History 33 (Winter 2014): 33–56.
Melendez, A. Gabriel. Spanish-Language Newspapers of New Mexico, 1834-1958. Mesa: University of Arizona Press, 2005.
Miller, Sally M., ed. The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1987.
Mulcrone, Mick. “The Famine Irish and the Irish-American Press: Strangers in a Hostile Land.” American Journalism20:3 (2003): 49-72.
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Olszyk, Edmund G. The Polish Press in America. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1940.
Olzak, Susan, and Elizabeth West. “Ethnic Conflict and the Rise and Fall of Ethnic Newspapers.” American Sociological Review 56:4 (August 1991): 458-474.
Park, Robert E. The Immigrant Press and Its Control. New York: Harper and Row, 1922.
Pasadeos, Yorgo. “The Greek-American Press: A 90-Year Compendium.” Journalism Quarterly 62 (1985): 140-44.
Popkova, Anna. “Imagining the Russian Community: Novoye Russkoe Slovo, the First Red Scare, and the Palmer Raiders, 1919-1920.” Journalism History 48:1 (2022): 41-60.
Portnoy, Edward A. “The Creation of a Jewish Cartoon Space in the New York and Warsaw Yiddish Press, 1884–1939.” PhD dissertation, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 2008.
Ramsden, Randi Julia. “Shaping Identity.” Wisconsin Magazine of History 100:1 (Autumn 2016): 28-43. (German-American newspapers in Wisconsin)
Reed, Barbara S. “A History and Content Analysis of the Pioneer English-Language American Jewish Periodical Press, 1823-1858.” Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio University, 1987.
Reed, Barbara S. “The Antebellum Jewish Press: Origins, Problems, Function.” Journalism Monographs 139 (June1993).
Rhodes, Leara D. The Ethnic Press: Shaping the American Dream. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, 2010.
Rischer, Moses, ed. Grandma Never Lived in America: The New Journalism of Abraham Cahan. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1985.
Robinson, Greg, ed. Pacific Citizens: Larry and Guyo Tajiri and Japanese American Journalism in the World War II Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012.
Rost, Sean. “The Missouri Jewish Press and the Ku Klux Klan.” Shofar 35:2 (Winter 2017): 81-101.
Rowan, Steven. “The German Press in St. Louis and Missouri in the Nineteenth Century: The Establishment of a Tradition.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 99 (September 2005): 459–67.
Saalberg, Harvey. “The Westliche Post of St. Louis: A Daily Newspaper for German-Americans, 1857-1938.” PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, 1967.
Saalberg, Harvey. “The Westliche Post of St. Louis: German Language Daily, 1857-1938.” Journalism Quarterly 45 (Autumn 1968): 452-456.
Salter, Sarah. “Archival History and Forms of Surprise: Unraveling Italian American Newspaper Advertisements.” American Periodicals 28:1 (2018): 56-72.
Schoone-Jongen, Robert. “Dateline Orange City, Iowa: De Volksvriend and the Creation of Dutch American Community in the Midwest, 1874–1951.” Annals of Iowa 69 (Summer 2010): 308–331.
Shott, Brian. Mediating America: Black and Irish Press and the Struggle for Citizenship, 1870-1914. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2019.
Shapiro, Shelby Alan. “Words to the Wives: The Jewish Press, Immigrant Women, and Identity Construction, 1895–1925.” PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.
Shore, Elliot, et al., eds., The German-American Radical Press: The Shaping of a Left Political Culture, 1850-1940. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.*
Silva, Noenoe K. “Early Hawaiian Newspapers and Kanaka Maoli Intellectual History, 1834-1855.” Hawaiian Journal of History 42 (2008): 105-134.
Singleton, Brent D. “The Moslem World: A History of America’s Earliest Islamic Newspaper and Its Successors.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 27:2 (August 2007): 297-307.
Soltes, Mordecai. The Yiddish Press: An Americanizing Agency. New York: Arno Press, 1969. (originally published in 1924)
Stone, Bryan Edward. “Edgar Goldberg and the Texas Jewish Herald: Changing Coverage and Blended Identity.” Southern Jewish History 7 (2004): 71-108.
Straus Reed, Barbara. “Unity, Not Absorption: Robert Lyon and the Asmonean: The Origins of the First English-Language Jewish Weekly in the United States.” American Journalism 7:2 (1990): 77-95.
Theus, Kathryn T. “From Orthodoxy to Reform: Assimilation and the Jewish-American Press of Mid-Nineteenth Century America.” American Journalism 1:2 (1983/1984): 15-26.
Thornton, Brian. “The Dangerous Chicago Defender: A Study of the Newspaper’s Editorials and Letters to the Editor in 1968.” Journalism History 40:1 (Spring 2014): 40-50.
Trasciatti, Mary Ann. “Framing the Sacco-Vanzetti Executions in the Italian American Press.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 20:4 (December 2003): 407-430.
Van Tuyll, Debra Reddin, Mark O’Brien, and Marcel Broersma, eds. Politics, Culture, and the Irish-American Press, 1784-1963. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2021.
Vellon, Peter G. A Great Conspiracy Against Our Race: Italian Immigrant Newspapers and the Construction of Whiteness in the Early 20th Century. New York: New York University Press, 2014.
Warren, Jean-Philippe. “The French Canadian Press in the United States.” Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 7: 1-2 (2016): 74-95.
Whitfield, Stephen J. “The ‘Golden Era’ of Civil Rights: Consequences of The Carolina Israelite.” Southern Cultures 14:3 (Fall 2008): 26-51.
Winship, George Parker. “French Newspapers in the United States from 1790 to 1800.” Papers of the Bibliographic Society of America 14:2 (1920) 82-91.
Wittke, Carl. The German Language Press in America. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1957.
Zanoni, Elizabeth. “‘Per Voi, Signore’: Gendered Representations of Fashion, Food, and Fascism in Il Progresso Italo-Americano during the 1930s.” Journal of American Ethnic History 31 (Spring 2012): 33–71.
Zecker, Robert M. “‘Let Each Reader Judge’: Lynching, Race, and Immigrant Newspapers.” Journal of American Ethnic History 29 (Fall 2009): 31–66.
Spanish Language Press
Allen, Craig. Univision, Telemundo, and the Rise of Spanish-Language Television in the United States. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2020.
Casillas, Delores Inéz. “Sounds of Belonging: A cultural History of Spanish-Language Radio in the United States, 1922–2004.” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 2006.
Casillas, Dolores Inés. “Sounds of Surveillance: U.S. Spanish-Language Radio Patrols La Migra.” American Quarterly 63 (September 2011): 807–829.
Casillas, Dolores Inez. ¡Sounds of Belonging! U.S. Spanish-Language Radio and Public Advocacy. New York: NYU Press, 2014.
Fouts, Sarah. “The Mafia, La Raza, and the Spanish-Language Press Coverage of the 1891 Lynchings in New Orleans.” Journal of Southern History 83:3 (August 2017): 509-530.
Gruez, Kirsten Silva. “Delta Desterrados: Antebellum New Orleans and the New World of Print Culture,” in Jon Smith and Deborah Cohn, eds. Look Away: The US South in the New World. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.
Gunckel, Colin. “Thinking About La Raza: Photography, the Archive, and the Visualization of Protest.” Aztlan 43:1 (Spring 2018): 177-194.
Gutierrez, Felix. “Spanish-Language Media in America: Background, Resources, History.” Journalism History 4 (Summer 1977): 34-41.
Havlin, Natalie. “Cultures of Migration: Race, Space, and the Politics of Alliance in U.S. Latina/o Print and Visual Culture, 1910–1939.” PhD dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2011.
Kanellos, Nicolas, and Helvetia Martell. Hispanic Periodicals in the United States: Origins to 1960. Houston: Arte Publico Press, 2000.
Kent, Robert B., and Maura E. Huntz. “Spanish-Language Newspapers in the United States.” Geographical Review 86:3 (July 1996): 446-457.
Kreitz, Kelley. “American Alternatives: Participatory Futures of Print from New York City’s Nineteenth-Century Spanish-Language Press.” American Literary History 30:4 (Winter 2018): 677-702.
Lopez, Maria Montserra Feu. “The U.S. Hispanic Flapper: Pelonas and Flapperismo in U.S. Spanish Language Newspapers, 1920-1929.” Studies in American Humor 1:2 (2015): 192-217.
MacCurdy, Raymond R. A History and Bibliography of Spanish-Language Newspapers and Magazines in Louisiana, 1808-1949. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1951.
Martinez, Ana Luisa R. “The Voice of the People: Pablo Cruz, El Regidor, and Mexican American Identity in San Antonio, Texas, 1888-1910.” PhD dissertation, Texas Tech University, 2003.
Melendez, A. Gabriel. So All is Not Lost: The Poetics of Print in Nuevomexicano Communities, 1834-1958. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.
Melendez, A. Gabriel. Spanish-Language Newspapers in New Mexico, 1834-1958. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2005.
Meyer, Doris. Speaking for Themselves: Neomexicano Cultural Identity and the Spanish-Language Press, 1880-1920. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996.
Nanello, Nicolas, and Helvetia Martell. Hispanic Periodicals in the United States, Origins to 1960: A Brief History and Comprehensive Bibliography. Houston: Arte Publico Press, 2000.
Paxman, Andrew. “The Rise of U.S. Spanish-Language Radio from ‘Dead Airtime’ to Consolidated Ownership (1920s-1970s.” Journalism History 44:3 (Fall 2018): 174-186.
Reilly, Tom. “A Spanish-Language Voice of Dissent in Antebellum New Orleans.” Louisiana History 23:4 (Fall 1982): 325-339.
Rivas-Rodriguez, Maggie. “Ignacio E. Lorenzo: The Mexican Exile Who Conquered San Antonio and Los Angeles.” American Journalism 21:1 (Winter 2004): 75-89.
Walraven, Edward Lee. “Ambivalent Americans: Selected Spanish-Language Newspapers’ Response to Anglo Domination of Texas, 1830-1910.” PhD dissertation, Texas A&M University, 1999.